1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (dominical letter GF) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Julian calendar, the 1872nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 872nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 19th century, and the third year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1872, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localised use until 1918.

Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

  • In the aftermath of the Paraguayan War, the new government of Paraguay makes peace with Brazil, grants reparations and territorial concessions.
  • The Kolozsvári Egyetem, predecessor of the University of Szeged, is founded.
  • A conscription law, modelled on the French version, is issued in Japan.
  • Universal public schools are called for in Japan.
  • The first Marist Brothers arrive in Australia.
  • Alfred B. Miller and Elmer Crockett found the South Bend Tribune in the United States.
  • Founding of ST Dupont, a French manufacturer of luxury goods.

Births

January–June

July–December

Deaths

January–June

July–December