1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 20th century, and the tenth and last year of the 1940s decade.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Soviets detonate their first nuclear weapon.

September

October

October 1: People's Republic of China is founded.

November

Dec. 16: Sukarno, first President of Indonesia

December

Date unknown

Currywurst
  • The Currywurst is invented in Berlin.
  • The Malta Labour Party is founded.
  • The Vatican announces that bones uncovered in its subterranean catacombs can be those of the apostle Peter; 19 years later, Pope Paul VI announces confirmation that the bones belong to this first Pope.
  • The first 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun prototypes are completed.
  • 1949 was the first year in which no African-American was reported lynched in the USA.
  • Joseph Stalin launches a savage attack on Soviet Jews, accusing them of being pro-Western and antisocialist.
  • Samuel Putnam publishes his new translation of Don Quixote, the first in contemporary English. It is instantly acclaimed and, in 2008, is still in print.
  • Fernand Braudel's La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen à l'Epoque de Philippe II is published.

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date Unknown

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes