1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common yearstarting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the tenth and last year of the 1980s decade.

1989 was an historic turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc, starting in Poland that summer with the beginning of a move towards private enterprise, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989, they heralded the beginning of the post–Cold War period.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 29 years, after the end of the military government in 1985 which commanded the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point. F. W. de Klerk was elected in South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought gaoled ANC leader Nelson Mandela to power.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year, as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, starting the era of designer babies.

1989 marked the beginning of the current Heisei period in Japan. It is also, the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L. The next such year is 2040.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

People's Liberation Army were to drive away students in Tiananmen Square.

July

August

September

October

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague throughout the Velvet Revolution.

December

Protests in Romania, December 1989.
Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama.

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

In fiction