Exercise Juniper Cobra is a five-day combined military exercise between Israel and the United States. The exercise exists to strengthen American-Israeli military cooperation against regional threats, and promote long-term security. In recent years, it has had the additional effect of providing training in the case of a ballistic missile attack from Iran [2] The exercise was initiated in 2001 and is conducted once every two years.[2][3] The most recent exercise was held from 21-25 February, 2016, showing a continued focus on these joint exercises.[5]