Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.V. Dortmund, commonly known as Borussia Dortmund[boˈʁʊsi̯aː ˈdɔʁtmʊnt], BVB, or simply Dortmund, is a German sports club based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia (Borussia is the Latin equivalent of Prussia). The football team is part of a large membership-based sports club with more than 115,000 members,[3] making BVB the third largest sports club by membership in Germany. Dortmund plays in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Dortmund is one of the most successful clubs in German football history.[4][5]

Borussia Dortmund was founded in 1909 by eighteen football players from Dortmund. Borussia Dortmund have won eight German championships, three DFB-Pokals, five DFL-Supercups, one UEFA Champions League, one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, and one Intercontinental Cup. Their Cup Winners' Cup win in 1966 made them the first German club to win a European title.

Since 1974, Dortmund have played their home games at Westfalenstadion. The stadium is the largest in Germany and Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any association football club in the world.[6] Borussia Dortmund's colours are black and yellow, giving the club its nickname die Schwarzgelben.[7][8] Dortmund holds a long-standing rivalry with Ruhr neighbours Schalke 04, known as the Revierderby. In terms of Deloitte's annual Football Money League, Dortmund is the second biggest sports club in Germany and the 11th biggest football team in the world.[9]

History

Foundation and early years

The club was founded on 19 December 1909 by a group of young men unhappy with church-sponsored Trinity Youth, where they played football under the stern and unsympathetic eye of the local parish priest. Father Dewald was blocked at the door when he tried to break up the organizing meeting being held in a room of the local pub, Zum Wildschütz. The founders were Franz and Paul Braun, Henry Cleve, Hans Debest, Paul Dziendzielle, Franz, Julius and Wilhelm Jacobi, Hans Kahn, Gustav Müller, Franz Risse, Fritz Schulte, Hans Siebold, August Tönnesmann, Heinrich and Robert Unger, Fritz Weber, Franz Wendt and Benno Elkan. The name Borussia is Latin for Prussia but was taken from Borussia beer from the nearby Borussia brewery in Dortmund.[2] The team began playing in blue and white striped shirts with a red sash, and black shorts. In 1913, they donned the black and yellow stripes so familiar today.

Over the next decades the club enjoyed only modest success playing in local leagues. They had a brush with bankruptcy in 1929 when an attempt to boost the club's fortunes by signing some paid professional footballers failed miserably and left the team deep in debt. They survived only through the generosity of a local supporter who covered the team's shortfall out of his own pocket.

The 1930s saw the rise of the Third Reich, which restructured sports and football organizations throughout the nation to suit the regime's goals. Borussia's president was replaced when he refused to join the Nazi Party, and a couple of members who surreptitiously used the club's offices to produce anti-Nazi pamphlets were executed in the last days of the war. The club did have greater success in the newly established Gauliga Westfalen, but would have to wait until after World War II to make a breakthrough. It was during this time that Borussia developed its intense rivalry with Schalke 04 of suburban Gelsenkirchen, the most successful side of the era (see Revierderby). Like every other organisation in Germany, Borussia was dissolved by the Allied occupation authorities after the war in an attempt to distance the country's institutions from its so-recent Nazi past. There was a short-lived attempt to merge the club with two others – Werksportgemeinschaft Hoesch and Freier Sportverein 98 – as Sportgemeinschaft Borussia von 1898, but it was as Ballspiel-Verein Borussia (BVB) that they made their first appearance in the national league final in 1949, where they lost 2–3 to VfR Mannheim.

First national titles

Between 1946 and 1963, Borussia featured in the Oberliga West, a first division league which dominated German football through the late 1950s. In 1949, Borussia reached the final in Stuttgart against VfR Mannheim, which they lost 2–3 after extra time. The club claimed its first national title in 1956 with a 4–2 win against Karlsruher SC. One year later, Borussia defeated Hamburger SV 4–1 to win their second national title. After this coup, the three Alfredos (Alfred Preißler, Alfred Kelbassa and Alfred Niepieklo) were legends in Dortmund. In 1963, Borussia won the last edition of the German Football Championship (before the introduction of the new Bundesliga) to secure their third national title.

Entry to the Bundesliga

In 1962, the DFB met in Dortmund and voted to finally establish a professional football league in Germany, to begin play in August 1963 as the Bundesliga. Borussia Dortmund earned its place among the first sixteen clubs to play in the new league by winning the last pre-Bundesliga national championship. Runners-up 1. FC Köln also earned an automatic berth. It was Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka who scored the first-ever Bundesliga goal barely a minute into the match, which they would eventually lose 2–3 to Werder Bremen.

In 1965, Dortmund captured its first DFB-Pokal. In 1966, Dortmund won the European Cup Winners' Cup 2–1 against Liverpool in extra time, with the goals coming from Sigfried Held and Reinhard Libuda. In the same year, however, the team surrendered a commanding position atop the Bundesliga by losing four of their last five league games and finishing second, three points behind champions 1860 München. Ironically, much of 1860 München's success came on the strength of the play of Konietzka, recently transferred from Dortmund.

The 1970s were characterized by financial problems, relegation from the Bundesliga in 1972, and the opening of the Westfalenstadion, named after its home region Westphalia in 1974. The club earned its return to Bundesliga in 1976.

Dortmund continued to suffer from financial problems through the 1980s. BVB narrowly avoided being relegated again in 1986 by winning a third decisive playoff game against Fortuna Köln after finishing the regular season in 16th place.

Dortmund did not enjoy any significant success again until a 4–1 DFB-Pokal win in 1989 against Werder Bremen. It was Horst Köppel's first trophy as a manager. Dortmund then won the 1989 DFL-Supercup 4–3 against rivals Bayern Munich.

Golden age – the 1990s

After a tenth-place finish in the Bundesliga in 1991, manager Horst Köppel was let go and manager Ottmar Hitzfeld was hired.

In 1992, Hitzfeld led Borussia Dortmund to a second-place finish in the Bundesliga and could have won the title had VfB Stuttgart not won their last game to become champions instead.

Along with a fourth-place finish in the Bundesliga, Dortmund in 1993 made it to the UEFA Cupfinal, which they lost 6–1 on aggregate to Juventus. In spite of this result, Borussia walked away with DM25 million under the prize money pool system in place at the time for German sides participating in the Cup. Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them numerous honours in the 1990s.

Under the captaincy of 1996 European Footballer of the YearMatthias Sammer, Borussia Dortmund won back-to-back Bundesliga titles in 1995 and 1996. Dortmund also won the DFL-Supercup against Mönchengladbach in 1995 and Kaiserslautern in 1996.

In 1996–97 the team reached its first European Cup final. In a memorable 1997 UEFA Champions League Final at the Olympiastadion in Munich, Dortmund faced the holders Juventus. Karl-Heinz Riedle put Dortmund ahead, shooting under goalkeeper Angelo Peruzzi from a cross by Paul Lambert. Riedle then made it two with a bullet header from a corner kick. In the second half, Alessandro Del Piero pulled one back for Juventus with a back heel. Then 20-year-old substitute and local boy Lars Ricken latched onto a through pass by Andreas Möller. Only 16 seconds after coming on to the pitch, Ricken chipped Peruzzi in the Juventus goal from over 20 yards out with his first touch of the ball. With Zinedine Zidane unable to make an impression for Juventus against the close marking of Lambert,[12][2][2] Dortmund lifted the trophy with a 3–1 victory.

Dortmund then went on to beat Brazilian club Cruzeiro 2–0 in the 1997 Intercontinental Cup Final to become world club champions.[2] Borussia Dortmund were the second German club to win the Intercontinental Cup, after Bayern Munich in 1976.[2]

21st century and Borussia "goes public"

At the turn of the millennium, Borussia Dortmund became the first—and so far the only—publicly traded club on the German stock market.

In 2002, Borussia Dortmund won their third Bundesliga title. Dortmund had a remarkable run at the end of the season to overtake Bayer Leverkusen, securing the title on the final day. Manager Matthias Sammer became the first person in Borussia Dortmund history to win the Bundesliga as both a player and manager.[2] In the same season, Borussia lost the final of the 2001–02 UEFA Cup to Dutch side Feyenoord.

Dortmund's fortunes then steadily declined for a number of years. Poor financial management led to a heavy debt load and the sale of their Westfalenstadion grounds. The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League, when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge. In 2003, Bayern Munich loaned €2 million to Dortmund for a couple of months to pay their payroll. Borussia was again driven to the brink of bankruptcy in 2005, the original €11 value of its shares having plummeted by over 80% on the Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange). The response to the crisis included a 20% pay cut for all players.[2]

The team still plays at Westfalenstadion, named after its home region of Westphalia. To reduce debts, the stadium was renamed "Signal Iduna Park," after a local insurance company, in 2006 under a sponsorship agreement that runs until 2016. The stadium is currently the largest football stadium in Germany with a capacity of 80,720 spectators, and hosted several matches in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, including a semi-final. Borussia Dortmund enjoys the highest average attendance of any football club in Europe, at 80,478 per match (2010–11).

Dortmund suffered a miserable start to the 2005–06 season, but rallied to finish seventh. The club failed to gain a place in the UEFA Cup via the Fair Play draw. The club's management recently indicated that the club again showed a profit; this was largely related to the sale of David Odonkor to Real Betis and Tomáš Rosický to Arsenal.

In the 2006–07 season, Dortmund unexpectedly faced serious relegation trouble for the first time in years. Dortmund went through three coaches and appointed Thomas Doll on 13 March 2007 after dropping to just one point above the relegation zone. Christoph Metzelder also left Borussia Dortmund on a free transfer.

In the 2007–08 season, Dortmund lost to many of the smaller clubs in the Bundesliga. That season was one of its worst in 20 years. Nevertheless, Dortmund reached the DFB-Pokal Final against Bayern Munich, where they lost 2–1 in extra time. The final appearance qualified Dortmund for the UEFA Cup because Bayern already qualified for the Champions League. Thomas Doll resigned on 19 May 2008 and was replaced by Jürgen Klopp.

Return to prominence

In the 2009–10 season, Dortmund qualified for the UEFA Europa League and finished fifth in the Bundesliga. The team missed an opportunity to qualify for the Champions League by failing to beat eighth-place VfL Wolfsburg and 14th-place SC Freiburg in the final two matches of the campaign. Nonetheless, they demonstrated a renewed charisma and passion under the direction of coach Jürgen Klopp.

Entering the 2010–11 season, Dortmund fielded a young and vibrant roster which looked better. On 4 December 2010, Borussia became Herbstmeister (Autumn Champion), an unofficial accolade going to the league leader at the winter break. They did this three matches before the break, sharing the record for having achieved this earliest with Eintracht Frankfurt (1993–94) and Kaiserslautern (1997–98).[2] On 30 April 2011, the club beat 1. FC Nürnberg 2–0 at home, while second-place Bayer Leverkusen lost, leaving Dortmund eight points clear with two games to play. This championship equaled the seven national titles held by rivals Schalke 04, and guaranteed a spot in the 2011–12 Champions League group stages.[2]

One year later, Dortmund made a successful defense of its Bundesliga title with a win over Borussia Mönchengladbach, again on the 32nd match day. By the 34th and final match day, Dortmund set a new record with the most points—81—ever gained by a club in one Bundesliga season.[21][22] This was surpassed the following season by Bayern Munich's 91 points.[23] The club's eighth championship places it third in total national titles, and players will now wear two stars over their uniform crest in recognition of the team's five Bundesliga titles. Notable names from the winning roster include Lucas Barrios, Mario Götze, Neven Subotić, Mats Hummels, Robert Lewandowski, Shinji Kagawa, Łukasz Piszczek, Jakub Błaszczykowski, Kevin Großkreutz, Ivan Perišić and İlkay Gündoğan. The club capped its successful 2011–12 season by winning the double for the first time by beating Bayern 5–2 in the final of the DFB-Pokal. Borussia Dortmund are one of four German clubs to win the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal double, along with Bayern Munich, 1. FC Köln and Werder Bremen.[24] The club was voted Team of the Year 2011 at the annual Sportler des Jahres (German Sports Personality of the Year) awards.

Borussia Dortmund ended the 2012–13 season in second place in the Bundesliga. Dortmund played in their second UEFA Champions League Final against Bayern Munich in the first ever all-German club final at Wembley Stadium on 25 May 2013, which they lost 2–1.[25]

In the 2013–14 season, Borussia Dortmund won the 2013 DFL-Supercup 4–2 against rivals Bayern Munich.[26] The 2013–14 season started with a five-game winning streak for Dortmund, their best start to a season. Despite such a promising start, however, their season was hampered by injuries to several key players, seeing them stoop as low as fourth place in the table, and with a depleted squad could go only as far as the quarter-finals of the Champions League, losing 3–2 on aggregate to Real Madrid. Nevertheless, Dortmund managed to end their season on a high note by finishing second in the Bundesliga and reaching the 2014 DFB-Pokal Final, losing 0–2 to Bayern in extra time.[27] They then began their 2014–15 season by defeating Bayern in the 2014 DFL-Supercup 2–0. However, this victory would not be enough to inspire the squad to a solid performance at the start of the ensuing season, with Dortmund recording various results such as a 0–1 loss to Hamburger SV and two 2–2 draws against VfB Stuttgart and Bundesliga newcomers Paderborn 07.[28] During the winter, Dortmund fell to the bottom of the table on multiple occasions, but managed to escape the relegation zone after four consecutive wins in February.[29] On 15 April 2015, Jürgen Klopp announced that after seven years, he would be leaving Dortmund.[30] Four days later, Dortmund announced that Thomas Tuchel would replace Klopp at the end of the season.[3] However, Klopp's final season at Dortmund ended on high note, rising and finishing seventh after facing relegation, gaining a DFB-Pokal final with Wolfsburg and qualifying for the 2015–16 Europa League.

Crest

Grounds

Stadiums

The Westfalenstadion is the home stadium of Borussia Dortmund, Germany's largest stadium and the seventh-largest in Europe.[3] The stadium is officially named "Signal Iduna Park" after insurance company Signal Iduna purchased the rights to name the stadium until 2021.[32] This name, however, cannot be used when hosting FIFA and UEFA events, since these governing bodies have policies forbidding corporate sponsorship from companies that are not official tournament partners. During the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the stadium was referred to as "FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund." In UEFA club matches, it is known as "BVB Stadion Dortmund." The stadium now hosts up to 81,359 spectators (standing and seated) for league matches and 65,829 seated spectators for international games.[3][3] For these, the characteristic southern grandstand is re-equipped with seats to conform to FIFA regulations.

In 1974, the Westfalenstadion replaced the Stadion Rote Erde, which is located next door and serves now as the stadium of Borussia Dortmund II. After the increasing popularity of Borussia Dortmund in the 1960s, it became obvious that the traditional ground was too small for the increasing number of Borussia Dortmund supporters. The city of Dortmund, however, was not able to finance a new stadium and federal institutions were unwilling to help. But in 1971, Dortmund was selected to replace the city of Cologne, which was forced to withdraw its plans to host games in the 1974 World Cup. The funds originally set aside for the projected stadium in Cologne were thus re-allocated to Dortmund, and a new stadium became reality.

The Westfalenstadion has undergone several renovations throughout the years to increase the size of the stadium, including an expansion of the stadium for the 2006 World Cup. In 2008, the Borusseum, a museum about Borussia Dortmund, opened in the stadium. In 2011, Borussia Dortmund agreed to a partnership with Q-Cells. The company installed 8,768 solar cells on the roof of the Westfalenstadion to generate up to 860,000 kWh per year.

Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club worldwide.[6] In 2014, it was estimated that each of the club's home games is attended by around 1,000 British spectators, drawn to the team by its low ticket prices compared to the Premier League.[3]

Training ground

Borussia Dortmund's training ground and Academy base Hohenbuschei is located in Brackel, a district of Dortmund[35] Inside the complex, there are physical exercise training for physical fitness and rehabilitation robotics areas, physiotherapy and massage rooms, and remedial and hydrotherapy pools. There are also sauna rooms, steam rooms and weight rooms, classrooms, conference halls, offices for the BVB front office, a restaurant, and a TV studio to interview the BVB professional footballers and coaching staff for BVB total!. On the grounds, there are five grass pitches, two of which have under-soil heating, one artificial grass field, two small grass pitches and a multi-functional sports arena. The site covers a total area of 18,000 m2 (190,000 sq ft).[35] In addition, Dortmund owns the Footbonaut, a training robot which is effectively a 14 m2 (150 sq ft) training cage.[3]

Organization and finance

Borussia Dortmund e.V. is represented by its management board and a board of directors consisting of president Dr. Reinhard Rauball, his proxy and vice president Gerd Pieper, and treasurer Dr. Reinhold Lunow.[3]

Professional football at Dortmund is run by the organization Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA. This corporation model has two types of participators: at least one partner with unlimited liability and at least one partner with limited liability. The investment of the latter is divided into stocks. The organization Borussia Dortmund GmbH is the partner with unlimited liability and is responsible for the management and representation of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA. Borussia Dortmund GmbH is fully owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e.V. This organizational structure was designed to ensure that the sports club has full control over the professional squad.[3]

The stock of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA was floated on the stock market in October 2000 and is listed in the General Standard of Deutsche Börse AG. Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA became the first and so far the only publicly traded sports club on the German stock market. 7.24% of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA is owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e.V.; 11.71% by Bernd Geske; and 81.05% widely spread shareholdings.[39] Hans-Joachim Watzke is the CEO and Thomas Treß is the CFO of the GmbH & Co. KGaA. Michael Zorc as sporting director is responsible for the first team, the coaching staff, the youth and junior section, and scouting.[40] The supervisory board consists, among others, of politicians Friedrich Merz and Peer Steinbrück.[41]

BVB's main advertising partner and current holder of the kit rights is Evonik.[4] The insurance company Signal Iduna purchased the rights to name the WestfalenstadionSignal Iduna Park until 2021.[43] The main equipment supplier of the sports club is Puma.[44] In addition, there are three different levels of partners: BVBChampionPartner includes among others Opel, Turkish Airlines, Brinkhoff's, Wilo, Hankook and Huawei; BVBPartner includes among others EA Sports, Coca-Cola Zero, MAN, Norton, REWE and Ruhr Nachrichten; and BVBProduktPartner includes among others Westfalenhallen, Sennheiser, TEDi, Dorma, Ramada and McDonald's.[4] Since 2012, Brixental in the Kitzbühel Alps in Austria is a BVB sponsor as well; furthermore, the region is host of one of the annual summer training camps.[4]

Borussia Dortmund e.V. and Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA's economic indicators reveal that BVB will be generating revenue of €305.1 million (US$407.6 million) from September 2012 to August 2013.[4][4]

According to the 2015 Deloitte's annual Football Money League, BVB generated revenues of €261.5 million during the 2013–14 season. This figure excludes player transfer fees, VAT and other sales-related taxes.[9]

Current management and board

As of 1 July 2014[40][41]
Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA
MemberPosition
Hans-Joachim WatzkeChairman and managing director for Sport, Sales & Marketing and Communications
Thomas TreßManaging director for Organization and Finance
Michael ZorcSegment director for Sport
Carsten CramerSegment director for Sales & Marketing
Sascha FliggeSegment director for Communications
Dr. Christian HockenjosSegment director for Organization
Marcus KnippingSegment director for Finance
Supervisory board
MemberNote
Gerd PieperChairman of the supervisory board of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA
Vice-President of Borussia Dortmund e. V.
Managing partner of Stadt-Parfümerie Pieper GmbH
Harald HeinzeVice-Chairman
Former chairman of the board of Dortmunder Stadtwerke AG
Bernd GeskeMajor shareholder of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA[39]
Managing partner of Bernd Geske Lean Communication
Christian KullmannMember of the board of directors and Chief Strategic Officer of Evonik Industries AG
Peer SteinbrückMember of the German Bundestag, former Federal Minister

Shirt sponsors and kit manufacturers

Since 2005, Dortmund's shirts have been sponsored by Evonik.[32] Previous sponsors have been the City of Dortmund (1974–76), Samson (1976–78), Prestolith (1978–80), UHU (1980–83), Arctic (ice cream) (1983–86),[5] Die Continentale (1986–97), s.Oliver (1997–2000) and E.ON (2000–05). The club's kit manufacturer is currently Puma, who will remain in that position until 2020.[32][5] Previous manufacturers have been Adidas (1974–90), Nike (1990–2000, 2004–09), Goool.de (2000–04) and Kappa (2009–12).

Charity

Borussia Dortmund has raised money for charity over the years for various causes. On 17 May 2011, Borussia Dortmund held a charity game for the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami against "Team Japan". Ticket sales from the game and €1 million from Dortmund's main sponsor Evonik went to charity for Japan earthquake and tsunami victims.[5] In November 2012, Borussia Dortmund KGaA founded a charitable trust called leuchte auf, to give important social projects financial help.[5] The trust's logo is a star consisting of the streets which meet at Dortmund's Borsigplatz, where the club was founded. On 6 July 2013, Borussia Dortmund held a charity game to raise money for 2013 German flood victims in the German states of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.[5]

Current squad

As of 21 July 2016[5][5][5]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
1GermanyGKRoman Weidenfeller(Vice Captain)
3South KoreaDFPark Joo-ho
4SerbiaDFNeven Subotić
5SpainDFMarc Bartra
6GermanyDFSven Bender
7FranceFWOusmane Dembélé
8TurkeyMFNuri Şahin
9TurkeyFWEmre Mor
10GermanyMFMario Götze
11GermanyFWMarco Reus(Captain)
13PortugalDFRaphaël Guerreiro
14GermanyMFMoritz Leitner
16PolandMFJakub Błaszczykowski
17GabonFWPierre-Emerick Aubameyang
18GermanyMFSebastian Rode
20ColombiaFWAdrián Ramos
No.PositionPlayer
21GermanyMFAndré Schürrle
22United StatesMFChristian Pulisic
23JapanMFShinji Kagawa
24SpainMFMikel Merino
25GreeceDFSokratis Papastathopoulos
26PolandDFŁukasz Piszczek
27GermanyMFGonzalo Castro
28GermanyDFMatthias Ginter
29GermanyDFMarcel Schmelzer(3rd Captain)
30GermanyMFFelix Passlack
33GermanyMFJulian Weigl
35GermanyDFJannik Bandowski
37GermanyDFErik Durm
38SwitzerlandGKRoman Bürki
39GermanyGKHendrik Bonmann

On loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
35GermanyMFPascal Stenzel(at Freiburg until 30 June 2017)

For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers winter 2015–16 and List of German football transfers summer 2016.

Club officials

Current staff

As of 1 July 2015
NamePosition
GermanyThomas TuchelHead coach
Germany Arno MichelsAssistant coach
Germany Benjamin WeberAssistant coach
GermanyWolfgang de BeerGoalkeeping coach
Germany Andreas BeckFitness coach
Germany Rainer SchreyAthletic coach
Germany Florian WanglerFitness coach

Head coaches

In July 1935, Fritz Thelen became the club's first full-time head coach, but was not available in the first months of the season, forcing Dortmund player and Germany international Ernst Kuzorra to take over instead.[5][5] In 1966, Willi Multhaup led his side to the European Cup Winners' Cup, the first German team to win a European trophy. Horst Köppel was the coach to bring major silverware to the club for the first time in over 20 years, winning the DFB-Pokal in 1989. Ottmar Hitzfeld was the club's most successful coach, having won the Bundesliga and the Supercup each twice. In 1997, Dortmund had waited for continental success for over 30 years; Hitzfeld crowned his period with an unexpected triumph and won the Champions League. Dortmund won the Intercontinental Cup in 1997, and head coach Nevio Scala became the first and so far the only non-native speaker who won a major title. In 2001–02, Matthias Sammer, a former BVB player, brought the league title back to Dortmund. In 2008–09, the club approached Mainz 05 head coach Jürgen Klopp. He won the club's seventh championship title in 2010–11. In his fourth season, Dortmund won the Bundesliga and the DFB-Pokal to complete the first league and cup double in the club's history.[59]

Key
*Caretaker manager
No.NationalityHead coachfromuntilHonours
1GermanyErnst Kuzorra*July 1935Aug 1935
2GermanyFritz ThelenSept 1935June 1936
3AustriaFerdinand SwatoschJuly 1936May 1939
4AustriaWilli SevcikJune 1939unknown
5GermanyFritz Thelen10 January 194631 July 1946
6GermanyFerdinand Fabra1 August 194631 July 19481 Oberliga West
7AustriaEduard Havlicek1 August 194831 July 19502 Oberliga West
8GermanyHans-Josef Kretschmann1 August 195031 July 1951
9GermanyHans Schmidt1 August 195131 July 19551 Oberliga West
10GermanyHelmut Schneider1 August 195531 July 19572 Oberliga West, 2 Championships
11GermanyHans Tauchert1 August 195724 June 1958
12AustriaMax Merkel14 July 195831 July 1961
13GermanyHermann Eppenhoff1 August 196130 June 19651 Championship, 1 Cup
14GermanyWilli Multhaup1 July 196530 June 19661 European Cup Winners' Cup
15GermanyHeinz Murach1 July 196610 April 1968
16GermanyOswald Pfau18 April 196816 December 1968
17GermanyHelmut Schneider17 December 196817 March 1969
18GermanyHermann Lindemann21 March 196930 June 1970
19GermanyHorst Witzler1 July 197021 December 1971
20GermanyHerbert Burdenski3 January 197230 June 1972
21GermanyDetlev Brüggemann1 July 197231 October 1972
22GermanyMax Michallek1 November 19721 March 1973
23GermanyDieter Kurrat1 March 197330 June 1973
24HungaryJános Bédl1 July 197314 February 1974
25GermanyDieter Kurrat14 February 197430 June 1974
26GermanyOtto Knefler1 July 19741 February 1976
27GermanyHorst Buhtz1 February 197630 June 1976
28GermanyOtto Rehhagel1 July 197630 April 1978
29GermanyCarl-Heinz Rühl1 July 197829 April 1979
30GermanyUli Maslo30 April 197930 June 1979
31GermanyUdo Lattek1 July 197910 May 1981
32GermanyRolf Bock*11 May 198130 June 1981
33Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaBranko Zebec1 July 198130 June 1982
34GermanyKarl-Heinz Feldkamp1 July 19825 April 1983
35GermanyHelmut Witte*6 April 198330 June 1983
36GermanyUli Maslo1 July 198323 October 1983
37GermanyHelmut Witte*23 October 198331 October 1983
38GermanyHeinz-Dieter Tippenhauer31 October 198315 November 1983
39GermanyHorst Franz16 November 198330 June 1984
40GermanyTimo Konietzka1 July 198424 October 1984
41GermanyReinhard Saftig*25 October 198427 October 1984
42GermanyErich Ribbeck28 October 198430 June 1985
43HungaryPál Csernai1 July 198520 April 1986
44GermanyReinhard Saftig21 April 198630 June 1988
45GermanyHorst Köppel1 July 198830 June 19911 Cup, 1 Supercup
46GermanyOttmar Hitzfeld1 July 199130 June 19972 Championships, 2 Supercups, 1 Champions League
47ItalyNevio Scala1 July 199730 June 19981 Intercontinental Cup
48GermanyMichael Skibbe1 July 19984 February 2000
49AustriaBernd Krauss6 February 200013 April 2000
50GermanyUdo Lattek*14 April 200030 June 2000
51GermanyMatthias Sammer1 July 200030 June 20041 Championship
52NetherlandsBert van Marwijk1 July 200418 December 2006
53GermanyJürgen Röber19 December 200612 March 2007
54GermanyThomas Doll13 March 200719 May 2008
55GermanyJürgen Klopp1 July 200830 June 20152 Championships, 1 Cup, 2 Supercups
56GermanyThomas Tuchel1 July 2015Current

Records

Borussia Dortmund's name is attached to a number of Bundesliga records:

  • The Borussia Dortmund player with the most appearances is Michael Zorc (463).
  • The Borussia Dortmund player with the most goals is Alfred Preissler (168).
  • The youngest player to play was Nuri Şahin of Borussia Dortmund (16 years and 335 days).[60]
  • The youngest player to score was Nuri Şahin of Borussia Dortmund (17 years and 82 days).[60]
  • Dortmund was on the receiving end of the worst loss ever in a Bundesliga match when they lost 12–0 away to Borussia Mönchengladbach on 29 April 1978.[61]
  • On 1 September 1993, BVB and Dynamo Dresden earned a total of five red cards between them.
  • BVB and Bayern Munich were carded a record of 15 times (3 for Dortmund, 12 for Munich) in a match played on 7 April 2001.[62]
  • The most penalties in a match is five in a game played between Borussia Mönchengladbach and Dortmund on 9 November 1965.
  • The first goal ever scored in Bundesliga play was by Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka against Werder Bremen; however, Werder Bremen won 3–2.[63]

Honours

Domestic

Winners (8):1956, 1957, 1963, 1994–95, 1995–96, 2001–02, 2010–11, 2011–12
Runners-up (7):1949, 1961, 1965–66, 1991–92, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16
Runners-up:1975–76
Borussia Dortmund's Bundesliga Trophy and
DFB-Pokal Trophy showcased at the Borusseum
Winners:1964–65, 1988–89, 2011–12
Runners-up:1962–63, 2007–08, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16
Winners (5):1989, 1995, 1996, 2013, 2014(record)
Runners-up:2011, 2012
(Unofficial winners):2008[64]
Runners-up:2003
Winners (6):1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57(record)
Runners-up:1960–61, 1962–63
Winners:1947

European

Borussia Dortmund's Domestic German and UEFA
Continental Trophies showcased at the Borusseum
Winners:1996–97
Runners-up:2012–13
Winners:1965–66
Runners-up:1992–93, 2001–02
Runners-up:1997

International

Winners:1997

UEFA club rankings

As of 2 March 2016[65]
RankTeamCoefficient
4EnglandChelsea138.781
5SpainAtlético Madrid133.542
6PortugalBenfica112.383
7FranceParis Saint-Germain108.416
8ItalyJuventus107.054
9EnglandArsenal104.781
10GermanyBorussia Dortmund103.435
11GermanySchalke 0495.435
12SpainValencia93.542
13RussiaZenit Saint Petersburg93.216
14PortugalPorto92.383