The Corriere della Sera (Italian pronunciation: [korˈrjɛːre ˈdella ˈseːra]; English: Evening Courier) is an Italian daily newspaper published in Milan with an average daily circulation of 410,242 copies in December 2015.[2]

First published on 5 March 1876, Corriere della Sera is one of Italy's oldest newspapers. It reached a circulation of over 1 million under editor and co-owner Luigi Albertini, 1900-1925. He was a strong opponent of Socialism, of clericalism, and of Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti who was willing to compromise with those forces. Albertini's opposition to the Fascist regime forced the additional co-owners to oust him 1925.[3]

Today its main competitors are Rome's la Repubblica and Turin's La Stampa.[4]

History and profile

Corriere della Sera was first published on Sunday 5 March 1876[5] by Eugenio Torelli Viollier.[6] In 1899 the paper began to offer a weekly illustrated supplement, Domenica del Corriere.[7]

In the 1910s and 1920s, under the direction of Luigi Albertini, Corriere della Sera became the most widely read newspaper in Italy, maintaining its importance and influence into the present century.[6] It was Corriere della Sera which introduced comics in Italy in 1908 through a supplement for children, namely Corriere dei piccoli.[8]

The newspaper's headquarters has been in the same buildings after the beginning of the twentieth century, and therefore it is popularly known as "the Via Solferino newspaper" after the street where it is still located. As the name indicates, it was originally an evening paper.

Mario Borsa, a militant anti-fascist, was appointed the editor-in-chief of Corriere della Sera in May 1945.[9] He was fired because of his political leanings in August 1946 and was replaced by Guglielmo Emanuel, a right-wing journalist, in the post.[9] Emanuel served in the post until 1952.[9]

During the fascist regime in Italy Corriere della Sera funded the Mussolini Prize which was awarded to the writers Ada Negri and Emilio Cecchi among the others.[2]

Corriere della Sera was the organ of the conservative establishment in Italy and was strongly anti-communist and pro-NATO in the 1950s.[9] The paper was the mouthpiece of the north Italian industrial bourgeoisie and also, was functional in shaping the views of the Italian upper and middle classes throughout this period.[9]

The owner of the Corriere della Sera was the Crespi family.[11] In the 1960s the RCS Media acquired a share in Corriere della Sera, listed in the Italian stock exchange. Its main shareholders are Mediobanca, the Fiat group and a few of the biggest industrial and financial groups in Italy. In 1974 the RCS Media[12] became the majority owner of the paper.[2]

Alberto Cavallari was the editor-in-chief of the paper throughout the early 1980s.[11] In 1981 the newspaper was laterally involved in the P2 scandal when it was discovered that the secret Freemason lodge had the newspaper's editor Franco Di Bella and the former owner Angelo Rizzoli on its member lists. In September 1987 the paper launched a weekly magazine supplement, Sette, which is the first in its category in Italy.[2][2] From 1987 to 1992 the editor-in-chief of Corriere della Sera was Ugo Stille.[2]

The 1988 circulation of Corriere della Sera was 715,000 copies, making it the second most read newspaper in Italy.[17] The paper started its Saturday supplement, IO Donna, in 1996.[2] In 1997 Corriere della Sera was the best-selling Italian newspaper with a circulation of 687,000 copies.[2]

Corriere della Sera had a circulation of 715,000 copies in 2001.[20] In 2002 it fell to 681,000 copies.[12] In 2003, its then editor Ferruccio de Bortoli resigned from the post.[5] The journalists and opposition politicians claimed the resignation was due to the paper's criticism of Silvio Berlusconi.[5]

In 2004, Corriere della Sera launched an online English section focusing on Italian current affairs and culture. The same year it was the best-selling newspaper in Italy with a circulation of 677,542 copies.[21] Its circulation in December 2007 was 662,253 copies.[5]

It is one of the most visited Italian-language news websites, attracting over 1.6 million readers every day.[22] The online version of the paper was the thirteenth most visited website in the country.[23]

On 24 September 2014 Corriere della Sera changed its broadsheet format to the Berliner format.[24]

Content and sections

The "Third Page" (a one page-survey dedicated to culture) used to feature a main article named Elzeviro (name from the font used at begin for that), which over the years has been signed by all the editors as well as major novelists, poets and journalists. "Corriere Scienza" is the science section of the paper.[25]

Contributors (past and present)

The Italian novelistDino Buzzati was a journalist at the Corriere della Sera. Other notable contributors include Eugenio Montale, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italo Calvino, Alberto Moravia, Amos Oz, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Giovanni Spadolini, Oriana Fallaci, Alessandra Farkas, Lando Ferretti, Brunella Gasperini, Enzo Biagi, Indro Montanelli, Paolo Brera, Tracy Chevalier, Sergio Romano and Paolo Mieli.

Editors

  • Luciano Fontana (Editor)
  • Paolo Ermini (Vice-Editor)
  • Magdi Allam (Vice-Editor "ad personam")
  • Pierluigi Battista (Deputy Editor)
  • Dario Di Vico (Deputy Editor)

Columnist & Journalists