KGMB, virtual channel 5 (UHFdigital channel 23), is a CBS-affiliatedtelevision station located in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States. The station is owned by Raycom Media, as part of a duopoly with NBC affiliate KHNL (channel 13); Raycom also operates MyNetworkTV affiliate KFVE (channel 9) under a shared services agreement with owner MCG Capital Corporation. All three stations share studios on Waiakamilo Road in Honolulu's Kapālama neighborhood. KGMB's transmitter is located in Akupu. Syndicated programming on KGMB includes Entertainment Tonight, America Now, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, and Jeopardy! (the latter has aired on KGMB since 2002, after airing on KHON for more than a decade).
The station first signed on the air on December 1, 1952, as the first television station in the then-territory of Hawaii. KGMB-TV was originally owned by J. Howard Worrall along with KGMB radio (AM 590, now KSSK) and operated from studios on Kapiolani Boulevard in Honolulu. The station carried programming from three of the four major networks at the time (excluding DuMont), but was a primary CBS affiliate owing to KGMB-AM's long affiliation with CBS Radio. The station lost NBC programming when KONA-TV (channel 2, now KHON-TV) signed on two weeks later, and lost ABC when KULA-TV (channel 4, now KITV) launched in April 1954. In 1973, a partnership led by future Hawaii congressman Cecil Heftel bought KGMB-AM-TV, then turned around and sold the KGMB stations to Lee Enterprises in 1977. Lee sold off the radio station in 1980. In 1982, the station dropped the "-TV" suffix from its call sign.
The real-life KGMB news crew was often featured in one of the longest-running police dramas on CBS in the 1970s, Hawaii Five-O. The station continues to have ties to the iconic series' reboot, as CBS has allowed KGMB to let its viewers preview the season premiere episode early at the Waikiki Shell each September since the rebooted series debuted in 2010.
In 2000 Lee exited from television broadcasting and sold most of its television holdings (including KGMB) to Emmis Communications. Emmis already owned KHON-TV, so it had to obtain a cross-ownership waiver for the purchase of KGMB from the Federal Communications Commission, to bypass the recently passed duopoly rules that forbid common ownership of two of the four highest-rated stations in a single market. This waiver was renewed several times while Emmis owned both stations. At that time, KHON moved its operations into KGMB's facility, though the two stations maintained separate news departments.
From 2002 to 2004, KGMB carried select UPN programming via a secondary affiliation shared with KHON; each station aired programs from that network that the other station did not air. The two stations began carrying UPN programming in September 2002 after KFVE, which had served as Honolulu's UPN affiliate since the network's January 1995 inception, decided to disaffiliate from UPN and switch its primary affiliation to The WB (whose programming aired on KFVE in a secondary capacity from 1998 until that point). KIKU, an independent station specializing in Japanese programming, became a secondary UPN affiliate in November 2004 and remained with the network until its closure in September 2006.
As Emmis itself prepared to exit the television industry, it sold KHON to the Montecito Broadcast Group in 2006. Emmis then announced on February 20, 2007 that KGMB and its satellites had been sold to MCG Capital Corporation for $40 million, resulting in one of the rare instances involving a complete separation of a television station duopoly. The FCC granted approval of the sale in late May and was completed on June 4, 2007. Shortly after MCG Capital Corporation took over, KGMB adopted a logo similar to one it used in the early 1980s and also rolled out a new graphics package for its newscast and a new website.
For many years, KGMB billed itself as "One of the Good Things About Hawaii" with its rich history of local television programming exclusively in Hawaii, especially in such shows as Skipper Al and Checkers & Pogo (both children's programs; the latter being the most remembered, airing from 1967 to 1982 and featured Morgan White), The Hawaii Moving Company (originally a disco/dance program that transitioned into a general interest show), and the 1982 television special Rap's Hawaii starring Rap Reiplinger. This slogan was made famous by an a cappella jingle which is still heard on KGMB today. It can now be heard at the end of KGMB's morning newscast, Sunrise, leading into CBS This Morning. Later, with an emphasis on weather, the station branded itself "Hawaii's Severe Weather Station".
On August 18, 2009, MCG Capital and Raycom Media (owner of KHNL and, at the time, KFVE) announced a shared services agreement with Raycom as senior partner. As part of the deal, KGMB vacated its longtime studios on Kapiolani Boulevard; the combined operation would be based at KHNL/KFVE's studios on Waiakamilo Road. Though non-news programming would remain in place, news operations of the three stations would be combined into a single entity. The arrangement would also see a channel swap, with KGMB moving from PSIP channel 9 (UHF digital channel 23) to channel 5 (UHF digital channel 22) and KFVE move from 5 to 9.
The resulting ownership arrangement of the stations generated some controversy, as it had the effect of Raycom trading KFVE to MCG Capital in return for KGMB. Organizations such as media watchdog group Media Council Hawaii viewed the plan as a way to circumvent FCC rules preventing one company owning two of the four highest-rated stations in the same market—in this case, KGMB and KHNL. However, the FCC only recognizes ownership of facility identifications, which remain attached to their channel numbers, and not ownership of a station's intellectual unit (call letters, programming, network affiliation, etc.). In this case, Raycom kept ownership of Facility ID 34445, now belonging to KGMB, while MCG Capital still owns Facility ID 36917, which now belonged to KFVE; the overall viewership of channel 5, as KFVE, fell outside the criteria that would have otherwise barred a duopoly between KHNL and KGMB if facility IDs were traded as well.
Raycom Media president Paul McTear staunchly defended the SSA, stating it would "preserve three stations that provide important and valuable local, national and international programming to viewers in Hawaii." Further controversy over the SSA grew after a November 7, 2009 report in the Honolulu Star-Bulletin revealed that Raycom would pay MCG Capital Corporation $22 million (according to a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission) – which, in effect, would constitute a sale of KGMB from MCG Capital to Raycom. Both companies did not mention any monetary exchanges during its August SSA announcement, only "assets." The FCC, in response to Media Council Hawaii's filing of an objection over the SSA, asked Raycom for detailed, unredacted agreements in relation to the SSA.
The SSA and channel swap took effect on October 26, 2009, with KGMB moving from PSIP channel 9 to channel 5 and changing its branding from "KGMB 9" to just "KGMB." An estimated 68 positions from a total of 198 between the three stations would be eliminated as part of the agreement. On May 8, 2010, the remaining items and memorabilia that were left at KGMB's former studios were auctioned off, with proceeds going to charity.
Removal from Nielsen Ratings
Beginning in 2016, the Hawaii News Now (HNN) group of KGMB, KHNL, and KFVE will sever ties to the Nielsen ratings. After the November 25 sweeps, Raycom media will use other research to track KHNL and KGMB audiences. KFVE, owned by HITV, will be affected also. In Hawaii, Nielsen does not use electronic means to track audiences. Recently, only 914 of the printed Nielsen booklets, known as monthly diaries, were completed out of 11,400 diaries. KITV and KHON will continue to use Nielsen ratings.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|5.1||1080i||16:9||KGMB-DT||Main KGMB-TV programming / CBS|
In April 2011, KGMB began carrying This TV on its second digital subchannel. Although it carries the network's lineup, the station also airs some local content on the subchannel because of the time difference between the mainland U.S. and Hawaii.
KGMB discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over VHF channel 9, on January 15, 2009, the date in which full-power television stations in Hawaii transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts (six months earlier than the June 12 transition date for stations on the U.S. mainland). The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 23, using PSIP to display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 9. Following the channel swap with KFVE, the station's digital channel switched to UHF channel 23 and its virtual channel to 5.
At the same time, KGMB's former satellites KGMD's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition VHF channel 8 to its former analog-era VHF channel 9, while KGMV's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 24 (using its former analog channel 3 as its virtual channel) for post-transition digital operations.
As with other major television stations in Hawaii, KGMB operates multiple satellite stations and translators across the Hawaiian Islands to rebroadcast the station's programming outside of metropolitan Honolulu.
|Station||City of license||Channel||First air date||ERP||HAAT||Facility ID||Transmitter coordinates||Transmitter location|
|K45CT-D||Hilo||45 (UHF)||1989||9.85 kW||14 m||34446|
|K28NN-D1||Wailuku||28 (UHF)||1989||1.08 kW||11 m||34448|
|KOGG-DT2||Wailuku||16 (UHF)||1989||50 kW||818 m||34859||summit of Haleakala|
- 1. K28NN-D used the call sign K26CX from 1989 to 1991 and K27DW from 1991–2014.
KGMD-TV and KGMV used to simulcast KGMB programming until the 2009 channel swap with KFVE. The station was also simulcast on translators K69BZ (channel 69) in Lihue, which had a transmitter northwest of Omao, and K57BI (channel 57) in Waimea, with its transmitter in Kalaheo. As of October 2015 however, K57BI and K69BZ's licenses were cancelled by the FCC.
KGMB clears all CBS programming, although it will occasionally pre-empt prime time shows until the late night hours in order to broadcast locally produced specials. In its early days, the only major CBS programs KGMB regularly pre-empted were Captain Kangaroo and the CBS Morning News, due to its morning broadcast of the popular in-house children's program Checkers & Pogo, which also aired in the afternoon. Like most of the other network-affiliated stations in Hawaii, KGMB had to shuffle CBS programs because the shows were flown in via airmail or shipped a week (or several weeks) after the programs aired in the U.S. mainland.
KGMB now airs CBS' daytime programs in a radically different order from the main network feed; this is because the station airs the lineup in the order that it arrives from the network, which for unknown reasons is different from that of most CBS affiliates. Prior to the September 18, 2009 conclusion of Guiding Light, air times included The Price is Right (at 10:00 a.m.), The Bold and the Beautiful (at 11:30 a.m.), Guiding Light (at noon), The Young and the Restless (at 1:00 p.m.), and As the World Turns (at 2:00 p.m.). In most other markets, Y&R aired first, followed by B&B, ATWT, and GL. In October 2009, Let's Make a Deal took the noon slot, and in October 2010, following the cancellation of ATWT, new talk show The Talk took over the 2:00 p.m. time slot. The station also airs the weekday edition of CBS This Morning an hour off-pattern, from 8:00–10:00 a.m. local time, due to its morning newscast Sunrise airing until 8:00 a.m. On weekdays outside of network hours, KGMB airs syndicated first-run shows during the daytime and sitcom reruns during the late night hours. On weekends during the Hawaii Warriors football season, KGMB airs The Coach Mack Show, which recaps the last game played and previews the next one.
KGMB currently broadcasts most of its programming, including CBS network shows and sports events such as NFL and college basketball games, in full 1080ihigh definition. In the late 2000s, the station upgraded its servers to broadcast timeshifted programming in high definition such as CSI Miami, The Unit, and the Late Show with David Letterman. The shows, which are received from the U.S. mainland in the afternoon, were previously recorded in standard definition before being rebroadcast in the evening. On January 14, 2008, KGMB's HD feed became available on Oceanic Time Warner Cable digital channel 1007. Prior to that date, it was the only major station in the market not available in HD on Oceanic. A temporary agreement was reached between KGMB and Oceanic Time Warner to carry Super Bowl XLI in high definition. KGMB also broadcasts some local programming in high definition, such as newscasts.
KGMB presently broadcasts 24.5 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 4.5 hours on weekdays, and one hour each on Saturdays and Sundays). For its first 25 years on the air, KGMB was the dominant news station in Hawaii. However, in 1978, rival KHON-TV persuaded sports director Joe Moore to join that station as its lead anchor. Within a few years, KHON had passed KGMB for the lead, and KGMB has placed either second or third in the ratings since then.
From September 2005 to August 2007, KGMB aired the nationally syndicated morning show The Daily Buzz on weekdays from 5 to 7 a.m. Although that program runs three hours, the station only aired the first two hours; during this period, KGMB was the only "Big Three" affiliate in the United States that carried the show. The program was dropped on August 17, 2007 to make room for a new morning newscast titled Sunrise on KGMB 9, which launched on September 17. The Daily Buzz moved to KHON's CW-affiliated second digital subchannel on August 20; ironically, that show competes with KHON's own Hawaii's Morning News. In June 2007, KGMB built new studios and launched an updated website.
In 2008, the station announced plans to upgrade its news production to high definition. However, on December 13 of that year, KGMB announced that those plans had been put on hold due to the possibility of relocating its studio facilities. The station planned to begin producing its newscasts in widescreen standard definition as early as July 2009. With the launch of the Hawaii News Now operation on October 26, 2009, KGMB began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. KGMB and KHNL began to jointly produce and simulcast weeknight 5 and 10 p.m. newscasts, while KHNL moved its 6 p.m. newscast to 5:30. KGMB continues to have its own weeknight 6 p.m. newscast. The only times when KGMB and KHNL do not simulcast news programming are on weekdays during the 7 a.m. hour when KHNL airs NBC's Today, at 5:30 p.m. when KGMB airs the CBS Evening News and at 6 p.m. when KHNL airs NBC Nightly News. Weekday morning and weekend shows are simulcast on the two stations, but are subject to preemption on one of the stations due to network obligations. The local news schedule on KFVE remains unchanged. There is no weekday midday news on either station. Most of the on-air personalities at the merged operation are holdovers from KGMB; all but four of KHNL's reporters were fired after the merger.