Vanessa Lynn Williams (born March 18, 1963) is an American actress, singer, and fashion designer. She initially gained recognition as the first African-American recipient of the Miss America title when she was crowned Miss America 1984 in September 1983. However, a few weeks prior to the end of her reign, she learned that Penthouse magazine would be publishing unauthorized nude photographs of her in an upcoming issue. Williams thus resigned as Miss America on July 22, 1984 (under pressure from the Miss America Organization), and was replaced by first runner-up Miss New Jersey Suzette Charles. A few years later, she rebounded as an entertainer with the song "The Right Stuff." She then had a string of successful albums and singles and also found success as an actress (she is particularly well known for her roles as Teri Joseph in the 1997 feature film Soul Food, Wilhelmina Slater in Ugly Betty, and Renee Perry in Desperate Housewives).
Thirty-two years after resigning as Miss America, the current CEO of the Miss America Organization, Sam Haskell, offered Williams a public apology at the beginning of the Miss America 2016 pageant (where she was serving as head judge) stating: "I have been a close friend of this beautiful and talented lady for 32 years. You have lived your life in grace and dignity, and never was it more evident than during the events of 1984, when you resigned. Though none of us currently in the organization were involved then, on behalf of today's organization, I want to apologize to you and to your mother, Miss Helen Williams. I want to apologize for anything that was said or done that made you feel any less the Miss America you are and the Miss America you always will be."
Early life and education
Vanessa Lynn Williams was born in the The Bronx, New York, with a birth announcement that read: "Here she is: Miss America." Later in life, she participated in a DNA test with the following results: 23% from Ghana, 17% from the British Isles (specifically English, Welsh and Irish), 15% from Cameroon, 12% Finnish, 11% Southern European, 7% from Togo, 6% from Benin, 5% from Senegal, and 4% Portuguese.
Her maternal great-great grandfather was William A. Feilds, an African-American legislator in the Tennessee House of Representatives. Her mother, Helen Tinch, met her father, Milton Augustine Williams Jr. (1935–2006), while both were music education students at Fredonia State Teachers College in the late 1950s. They both became elementary school music teachers after marriage, though their teaching positions were in separate districts. Milton also served as the Assistant Principal of his school for an extended period of time.
Williams was raised Roman Catholic, the religion of her father. Her mother, who had been raised Baptist, converted to Catholicism when she got married. Williams was baptized at Our Lady of Grace Church in the Bronx. Williams' mother played the organ at St. Theresa's Church in Briarcliff Manor for weddings and at mass and Williams used to assist her mother by turning the pages of sheet music.
Williams and her younger brother Chris (who would later become an actor) grew up in a predominantly white middle-class suburb of New York City. Williams believes that she may have been the first African-American student to go from the first grade to the 12th grade in the Chappaqua Central School District.
As the child of music teachers, Williams grew up in a musical household, studying classical and jazz dance, french horn, piano, and violin. She was offered the Presidential Scholarship for Drama to attend Carnegie Mellon University during the college application period, (one of 12 students to receive it) but decided instead to attend Syracuse University on a different scholarship. Thus, in 1981, Williams joined Syracuse's College of Visual and Performing Arts, Department of Drama as a musical theater major. She stayed at Syracuse through her sophomore year, until she was crowned Miss America 1984 in September 1983.
Twenty-five years later in May 2008, Syracuse granted Williams a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. According to Syracuse News, "Williams earned the remaining credits for her degree through industry experience and her substantial performances on stage and screen." Williams also delivered the 2008 convocation address, telling Syracuse seniors to "treasure this moment. These days are irreplaceable and are the beginning of the rest of your life."
Williams is most often referenced and publicly recognized simply as "Vanessa Williams." There is, however, occasional confusion with similarly named actress Vanessa A. Williams, who is just two months younger. It has been reported that Williams first became aware of Vanessa A. in the 1980s when her New York University registrar told her that another, similarly aged student with the same name and from the same state had applied. When Williams appeared as Miss America in a Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Vanessa A. accidentally received her check for the appearance, which she returned.
In the area of acting, the two ran into name conflict when Screen Actors Guild rules prohibited duplicate stage naming. Vanessa A. had registered the name "Vanessa Williams" first, so as a compromise, Williams was occasionally credited as "Vanessa L. Williams" in acting credits. To compound the confusion, both actresses starred in versions of the drama Soul Food (Williams in the film version, and Vanessa A. in its TV series adaptation). The Screen Actors Guild eventually took the issue to arbitration and decided that both actresses could use the professional name "Vanessa Williams".
Williams, who was Miss New York 1983, initially gained public recognition as the first African-American woman to win the title of Miss America when she was crowned Miss America 1984 in September 1983. Several weeks before the end of her reign, however, a scandal arose when Penthouse magazine bought and published unauthorized nude photographs of Williams. Williams was pressured to relinquish her title, and was succeeded by the first runner-up, Miss New Jersey 1983, Suzette Charles.  Thirty-two years later, in September 2015, Williams served as head judge for the Miss America 2016 pageant. At the beginning of the event, Miss America CEO Sam Haskell made a public apology to Williams for what was said to her during the events of 1984.
Entertainment and fashion
Williams first received public recognition for her musical abilities when she won the preliminary talent portion of the Miss America pageant with her rendition of "Happy Days Are Here Again" (Williams would later be crowned Miss America 1984). Four years later in 1988, Williams released her debut album, The Right Stuff. The first single, "The Right Stuff", found success on the R&B chart, while the second single, "He's Got the Look", found similar success on the same chart. The third single, "Dreamin'", was a pop hit, becoming Williams' first top 10 hit on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at No. 8, and her first number one single on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. The album reached platinum status in the U.S. and earned her a NAACP Image Award and three Grammy Award nominations, including one for Best New Artist.
Her second album The Comfort Zone became the biggest success in her music career. The lead single "Running Back to You" reached top twenty on the Hot 100, and the top position of Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart on October 5, 1991. Other singles included "The Comfort Zone" (#2 R&B), "Just for Tonight" (#26 Pop), a cover of The Isley Brothers' "Work to Do" (#3 R&B), and the club-only hit "Freedom Dance (Get Free!)." The most successful single from the album, as well as her biggest hit to date, is "Save the Best for Last". It reached No. 1 in the United States, where it remained for five weeks, as well as No. 1 in Australia, the Netherlands, and Canada, and was in the top 5 in Japan, Ireland and the United Kingdom. The album sold 2.2 million copies in the U.S. at its time of release and has since been certified triple platinum in the United States by the RIAA, gold in Canada by the CRIA, and platinum in the United Kingdom by the BPI. The Comfort Zone earned Williams five Grammy Award nominations.
The Sweetest Days, her third album, was released in 1994 to highly-favorable reviews. The album saw Williams branch out and sample other styles of music that included jazz, hip hop, rock, and Latin-themed recordings such as "Betcha Never" and "You Can't Run", both written and produced by Babyface. Other singles from the album included the adult-contemporary and dance hit "The Way That You Love" and the title track. The album was certified platinum in the U.S. by the RIAA and earned her two Grammy Award nominations.
Other releases include two Christmas albums, Star Bright in 1996, and Silver & Gold in 2004; Next in 1997, and Everlasting Love in 2005, along with a greatest-hits compilation released in 1998, and a host of other compilations released over the years. Notable chart performances from subsequent albums, motion picture and television soundtracks have included the songs "Love Is", which was a duet with Brian McKnight, the Golden Globe- and Academy Award-winning "Colors of the Wind", "Where Do We Go from Here?", and "Oh How the Years Go By".
Television and film
Williams has had a successful career in television. Her first television appearance was on a 1984 episode of The Love Boat followed by guest appearances in a number of popular shows. In 1995, Williams starred as Rose Alvarez in a television adaptation of the 1960 Broadway musical Bye Bye Birdie and portrayed the nymph Calypso in the 1997 Hallmark Entertainment miniseries The Odyssey. In 2001, Williams starred in the Lifetime cable movie about the life of Henriette DeLille, The Courage to Love and in 2003, Williams read the narrative of Tempie Herndon Durham from the WPA slave narratives in the HBO documentary Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives. In 2006, Williams received considerable media attention for her comic/villainess role as former model/magazine creative director turned editor-in-chief Wilhelmina Slater in the ABC comedy series Ugly Betty. Her performance on the series resulted in a nomination for outstanding supporting actress at the 59th Primetime Emmy Awards and in 2008 and 2009, she was nominated in the outstanding supporting actress in a comedy series category for Ugly Betty. Williams next joined the cast of Desperate Housewives for its seventh season, where she portrayed Renee Perry, an old college "frenemy" of Lynette Scavo (Felicity Huffman). In 2017, she is slated to appear as Maxine in VH1's 2017 series, Satan's Sister's, which is based on the book with the same name by Star Jones, a fictionalization of Jones' time with The View. It was announced in May 2016 that Williams will join the cast of TNT's series, The Librarians, as recurring villainess General Rockwell.
Williams has also appeared in a number of feature films. She received a NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture for her portrayal of Teri Joseph for the 1997 feature film Soul Food. In 2007, she starred in the independent film My Brother, for which she won Best Actress honors at the Harlem International Film Festival, the African-American Women in Cinema Film Festival, and at the Santa Barbara African Heritage Film Festival. She also notably co-starred with Arnold Schwarzenegger in Eraser, Samuel L. Jackson in the 2000 remake of Shaft, the characters from Sesame Street in The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland (as the Queen of Trash), and with Miley Cyrus in Hannah Montana: The Movie.
Williams began her career on stage in the 1985 production, One Man Band, as one of "the women." She followed it in 1989 as "Laura" in Checkmates. In 1994, she broadened her ascendant music career into a theatrical role when she was cast as the understudy for Aurora in the Broadway production of Kiss of the Spider Woman.In 1998, she portrayed Della Green in the revival of St. Louis Woman,  and Carmen Jones in the 2002 Kennedy Center Special Performance of Carmen Jones. In the same year, she was also featured in the Tony/Drama Desk Award winning revival production of Stephen Sondheim's Into the Woods, for which she was nominated a Tony and Drama Desk Award for her performance as the Witch. This production included songs revised for her. In 2010, Williams starred in a new Broadway musical revue entitled Sondheim on Sondheim, a look at Stephen Sondheim through his music, film and videotaped interviews. Sondheim ran from March 19 to June 13 at Studio 54 in New York City. In 2013, she starred as Jessie Mae Watts in the Horton Foote play The Trip to Bountiful, which was later turned turned into a 2014 television film. In 2014, she starred in the Broadway musical, After Midnight and in 2015 she appeared in a PBS production of Show Boat as Julie La Verne.
Williams served as the host of the 1994 Essence Awards, co-host of Carnegie Hall Salutes the Jazz Masters: Verve Records at 50, host of the 1998 NAACP Image Awards,  host of the 2002 documentary, It's Black Entertainment, host of The 6th Annual TV Land Awards in 2007, host of the 36th Annual Daytime Emmy Awards in 2009, and finally host of the documentary Dreams Come True: A Celebration of Disney Animation (2009).
Williams is a spokesmodel for Proactiv Solution, and was the first African-American spokesmodel for L'Oréal cosmetics in the late 1990s. She appeared on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire in 2000 as a contestant, and once again on August 10, 2009, as a celebrity guest during the show's 10th anniversary prime-time special editions, winning $50,000 for her charity. In a commercial that began running during Super Bowl XLVI in 2012, Williams voiced the new character Ms. Brown, a brown M&M.
Williams and her mother Helen co-authored a memoir entitled You Have No Idea, published in April 2012. In the book, Williams discusses her childhood, rise to fame, and personal struggles, including the fact that she was sexually molested by a woman when she was 10 years old. She also spoke candidly about having an abortion while she was in high school.
Williams is also involved with a number of humanitarian causes. She is a supporter of gay rights and same sex marriage, and in 2011 she participated in a human rights campaign entitled “New Yorkers for Marriage Equality". She is also partnered with Dress For Success, an organization that provides professional attire for low-income women, to help support their job-search and interview process. In addition, Williams is involved with The San Miquel Academy of Newburgh, a school for boys at risk.
Williams has been married three times. She married her first husband, Ramon Hervey II, at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church in 1987 just a few years after giving up her crown, and gave birth to her first child at this time (Hervey is a public relations specialist who was hired to resuscitate her career after her resignation as Miss America in July 1984). They have three children (Melanie, Jillian Hervey, and Devin) and divorced in 1997. She then married NBA basketball player Rick Fox in 1999. They have one daughter, Sasha Gabriella Fox,  and divorced in 2004.  In 2015, Williams married Jim Skrip, a businessman from Buffalo, New York.
Honors and awards
Williams is the recipient of many awards and nominations including Grammy nominations for hits such as "The Right Stuff", "Save the Best for Last", and "Colors of the Wind". In addition, she has earned multiple Emmy nominations, a Tony Award nomination, seven NAACP Image Awards, and four Satellite Awards.
|1988||The Right Stuff|
|1991||The Comfort Zone|
|1994||The Sweetest Days|
|2004||Silver & Gold|
|2009||The Real Thing|
|1987||Pick-up Artist, TheThe Pick-up Artist||Rae, girl with dog|
|1988||Under the Gun||Samantha Richards|
|1991||Harley Davidson and the Marlboro Man||Lulu Daniels|
|1996||Eraser||Dr. Lee Cullen|
|1997||Soul Food||Teri Joseph|
|1998||Dance with Me||Ruby Sinclair|
|1999||Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland, TheThe Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland||Queen of Trash|
|1999||Light It Up||Detective Audrey McDonald|
|2004||Johnson Family Vacation||Dorothy Johnson|
|2006||My Brother||L'Tisha Morton|
|2007||And Then Came Love||Julie Davidson|
|2009||Hannah Montana: The Movie||Vita|
|2011||Delhi Safari||Beggum (voice)||English version|
|2012||He's Way More Famous Than You||Vanessa Williams|
|2013||Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor||Janice|
|2015||When Marnie Was There||Hisako (voice)||English version|
|1984||Partners in Crime||Roselle Robins||Episode: "Celebrity"|
|1986||Redd Foxx Show, TheThe Redd Foxx Show||Jessica||Episode: "The Prodigal Son"|
|1986||T. J. Hooker||Officer Pat Williamson||Episode: "Partners in Death"|
|1986||Love Boat, TheThe Love Boat||Pearl||Episode: "My Stepmother, Myself/Almost Roommates/Cornerback Sneak"|
|1989||Full Exposure: The Sex Tapes Scandal||Valentine Hayward||Movie|
|1990||Perry Mason: The Case of the Silenced Singer||Terri Knight||Movie|
|1990||Kid Who Loved Christmas, TheThe Kid Who Loved Christmas||Lynette||Movie|
|1992||Stompin' at the Savoy||Pauline||Movie|
|1992||Jacksons: An American Dream, TheThe Jacksons: An American Dream||Suzanne de Passe||Miniseries; 2 episodes|
|1992||Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, TheThe Fresh Prince of Bel-Air||Danny Mitchell||Episode: "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way Home from the Forum"|
|1995||Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child||Beauty (voice)||Episode: "Beauty and the Beast"|
|1995||Nothing Lasts Forever||Dr. Kathy "Kat" Hunter||Movie|
|1995||Bye Bye Birdie||Rose Alvarez||Movie|
|1996||Star Trek: Deep Space Nine||Arandis||Episode: "Let He Who Is Without Sin..."|
|1997||Odyssey, TheThe Odyssey||Calypso||Miniseries; 2 episodes|
|1998||Dance with Me (film)||Ruby Sinclair||Movie|
|1999||L.A. Doctors||Dr. Leanne Barrows||3 episodes|
|2000||Courage to Love, TheThe Courage to Love||Henriette DeLille||Movie|
|2000||Diva's Christmas Carol, AA Diva's Christmas Carol||Ebony Scrooge||Movie|
|2001||Santa, Baby!||Alicia (voice)||Movie|
|2002||Keep the Faith, Baby||Hazel Scott||Movie|
|2002||Ally McBeal||Sheila Hunt||Episode: "Another One Bites the Dust"|
|2002||Proud Family, TheThe Proud Family||Debra (voice)||Episode: "Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thingy, Baby"|
|2003||Boomtown||Detective Katherine Pierce||6 episodes|
|2006||South Beach||Elizabeth Bauer||Main role (8 episodes)|
|2006–10||Ugly Betty||Wilhelmina Slater||Main role (85 episodes)|
|2007–08||Mama Mirabelle's Home Movies||Mama Mirabelle (voice)||Main role (23 episodes)|
|2010–12||Desperate Housewives||Renee Perry||Main role (45 episodes in seasons 7–8)|
|2011||"Who Do You Think You Are?"||Herself||Season 2, episode 1|
|2012||Phineas and Ferb||Flight attendant (voice)||Episode: "Where's Perry (Part One)"|
|2012–13||666 Park Avenue||Olivia Doran||Main role (13 episodes)|
|2014||Trip to Bountiful, TheThe Trip to Bountiful||Jessie Mae Watts||Movie|
|2014||Oprah's Master Class||Herself||Season 4, episode 7|
|2015||Mindy Project, TheThe Mindy Project||Dr. Suzanne Phillips||Episode: "Danny Castellano Is My Nutritionist"|
|2015||Royal Pains||Olympia Houston||2 episodes|
|2015||Good Wife, TheThe Good Wife||Courtney Paige||4 episodes|
|2016||Broad City||Elizabeth Carlton||Episode: "Game Over"|
- Wiliams, Vanessa; Wiliams, Helen (April 17, 2012). You Have No Idea: A Famous Daughter, Her No-Nonsense Mother, and How They Survived Pageants, Hollywood, Love, Loss (and Each Other). New York: Gotham Books. ISBN 978-1-5924-0759-0.