Bianet (acronym for Turkish: Bağımsız İletişim Ağı, lit. '"Independent Communication Network"') is an independent Turkish press agency based in Istanbul. It was established in 2000 by journalist Nadire Mater, former representative of Reporters Without Borders, and left-wing activist Ertuğrul Kürkçü and since November 2003 is tied with Inter Press Service. It is mostly funded by the European Commission through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR).[2]