The Archer class (or P2000) is a of patrol and training vessel in service with the 's , commonly referred to as a Fast Training Boat. Most are assigned to , although and are armed and provide maritime force protection to high value shipping in the Firth of Clyde although are most commonly employed as escorts for submarines transiting to Faslane.
Ten vessels were ordered as the P2000 class, based on a design of an coastguard cutter, from Watercraft Marine. They are twin-shaft vessels with moulded hulls. After that company went into , the balance of the order was completed by .
The Archers were initially used as Royal Navy patrol craft and as training tenders for the (RNR) and (URNU). Four identical vessels were ordered for the (RNXS) as Example-class tenders. When that service was disbanded in 1994, the Examples were transferred to the Royal Navy for similar duties as their Archer-class brethren (under the same names under which they served as "XSVs", all of which begin with the first syllable "Ex"). Until 2005, the four Examples were still painted with a black hull.
In 1998 two additional vessels ( and ) of this design were commissioned into the Royal Navy from , to replace Loyal Watcher and Loyal Chancellor as URNU training vessels for the two newest URNUs, serving and Universities respectively ( was later transferred to Bristol URNU whilst became the ship of Cambridge URNU). This brought the total of Archer class vessels in the Royal Navy to sixteen, of which fourteen form the 1st Patrol Boat Squadron (formerly the Inshore Training Squadron), each one attached to an URNU (one per unit) under the command of a . The remaining two vessels ( and ), having formed the from 2003 to 2010, and URNU vessels before that, returned to the UK in April 2010 to form the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron, performing security duties within .
In 2012 Dasher and Pursuer were replaced by Raider and Tracker - these can be identified by a number of pintle-mounted and armour plating. and were also formerly allocated to the for and duties, but were replaced by the dedicated . These two ships were also used during the Thames River Pageant, escorting the Royal Barge during the Queens Diamond Jubilee. Unlike the remainder of the class, both these ships remain capable of being mounted with a cannon on the fo'c'sle.
The NATO designation of a P2000 is "PBR", denoting a "Patrol Boat - Riverine and Harbours".
Vessels in the class
|P264||Watercraft Marine,||1985||Edinburgh URNU||In active service|
|P270||Watercraft Marine||1986||Manchester URNU||In active service|
|P272||Watercraft Marine||1988||Oxford URNU||In active service|
|P273||,||1988||Glasgow URNU||In active service|
|P279||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Southampton URNU||In active service|
|P280||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Bristol URNU||In active service|
|P291||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||London URNU||In active service|
|P292||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Liverpool URNU||In active service|
|P293||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Sussex URNU||In active service|
|P294||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Cambridge URNU||In active service|
|(ex-XSV Example)||P165 (ex-A153)||Watercraft Marine||1985||Northumbrian URNU||In active service|
|(ex-XSV Explorer)||P164(ex-A154)||Watercraft Marine||1986||Yorkshire URNU||In active service|
|(ex-XSV Express)||P163 (ex-A163)||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Wales URNU||In active service|
|(ex-XSV Exploit)||P167 (ex-A167)||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Birmingham URNU||In active service|
|P274||,||1998||Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron||In active service|
|P275||Ailsa Shipbuilding Company||1998||Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron||In active service|
- - WWII equivalent
- - the "Swift Boats"