HarperCollins Publishers LLC is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is part of the "Big Five" English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Holtzbrinck/Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster. The company is headquartered in New York City and is a subsidiary of News Corp. The company name is a combination of several publishing firm names: Harper & Row, an American publishing company acquired in 1987, whose own name was the result of an earlier merger of Harper & Brothers (founded 1817) and Row, Peterson & Company; together with UK publishing company William Collins, Sons (founded 1819), acquired in 1990.
The worldwide CEO of HarperCollins is Brian Murray. HarperCollins has publishing groups in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and India. The company publishes many different imprints, both former independent publishing houses and new imprints.
Mergers and acquisitions
In 1989, Collins was bought by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, and the publisher was combined with Harper & Row, which NewsCorp had acquired two years earlier. In addition to the simplified and merged name, the logo for HarperCollins was derived from the torch logo for Harper and Row, and the fountain logo for Collins, which were combined into a stylized set of flames atop waves.
HarperCollins bought educational publisher Letts and Lonsdale in March 2010.
In 2011, HarperCollins announced they had agreed to acquire the publisher Thomas Nelson. The purchase was completed on July 11, 2012, with an announcement that Thomas Nelson would operate independently given the position it has in Christian book publishing. Both Thomas Nelson and Zondervan were then organized as imprints, or "keystone publishing programs," under a new division, HarperCollins Christian Publishing. Key roles in the reorganization were awarded to former Thomas Nelson executives.
Brian Murray, the current CEO of HarperCollins, succeeded Jane Friedman who was CEO from 1997 to 2008. Notable management figures include Lisa Sharkey, current senior vice president and director of creative development and Barry Winkleman from 1989 to 1994.
United States v. Apple Inc.
In April 2012, the United States Department of Justice filed United States v. Apple Inc., naming Apple, HarperCollins, and four other major publishers as defendants. The suit alleged that they conspired to fix prices for e-books, and weaken Amazon.com's position in the market, in violation of antitrust law.
In December 2013, a federal judge approved a settlement of the antitrust claims, in which HarperCollins and the other publishers paid into a fund that provided credits to customers who had overpaid for books due to the price-fixing.
U.S. warehouse closings
It was announced to employees privately and then later in the day on November 5, 2012, that HarperCollins was closing its remaining two U.S. warehouses, in order to merge shipping and warehousing operations with R. R. Donnelley in Indiana. The Scranton, PA warehouse closed in September 2013 and a Nashville, TN warehouse, under the name (D.B.A.) Thomas Nelson (which distributes the religious arm of HarperCollins/Zondervan Books), in the winter of 2013. Several office positions and departments continued to work for HarperCollins in Scranton, but in a new location.
The Scranton warehouse closing eliminated approximately 200 jobs, and the Nashville warehouse closing eliminated up to 500 jobs (exact number of distribution employees is unknown)
HarperCollins previously closed 2 U.S. warehouses, one in Williamsport, PA in 2011 and another in Grand Rapids, MI in 2012. “We have taken a long-term, global view of our print distribution and are committed to offering the broadest possible reach for our authors," said HarperCollins Chief Executive Brian Murray, according to Publishers Weekly."We are retooling the traditional distribution model to ensure we can competitively offer the entire HarperCollins catalog to customers regardless of location.” Company officials attribute the closings and mergers to the rapidly growing demand for e-book formats and the decline in print purchasing.
HarperCollins maintains the backlist of many of the books originally published by their many merged imprints, in addition to having picked up new authors since the merger. Authors published originally by Harper include Mark Twain, the Brontë sisters and William Makepeace Thackeray. Authors published originally by Collins include H. G. Wells, Agatha Christie and J. R. R. Tolkien. This is a list of some of the more noted books, and series, published by HarperCollins and their various imprints and merged publishing houses.
- The Art of Loving, Erich Fromm (1956)
- Master and Commander, Patrick O'Brian (1970) (adapted into the 2003 film Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World)
- the Leaphorn and Chee books, Tony Hillerman (1970–2006)
- Collins English Dictionary (1979), a major dictionary
- Sharpe series, Bernard Cornwell (1981–2006)
- Frida: A Biography of Frida Kahlo, Hayden Herrera (1983), adapted into the 2002 film Frida
- Weaveworld, Clive Barker (1987)
- the Paladin Poetry Series (1987–1993)
- Of Gravity & Angels, Jane Hirshfield (1988)
- The Alchemist, Paulo Coelho, (1988) (first published in Portuguese as O Alquimista, 1988)
- subsequent novels in the Take Back Plenty series, Colin Greenland (1990+)
- The Language of the Genes, Steve Jones (1993)
- The Gifts of the Body, Rebecca Brown (1994)
- Microserfs, Douglas Coupland (1995)
- Thoughts, Tionne Watkins (1999)
- Shuka Saptati: Seventy tales of the Parrot a new translation from the Sanskrit by A. N. D. Haksar (2000)
- First They Killed My Father: A Daughter of Cambodia Remembers, Loung Ung (2000)
- Bel Canto, Ann Patchett (2001)
- A Theory of Relativity, Jacquelyn Mitchard (2001)
- recent volumes in the Discworld series by Terry Pratchett (books from 2001 to present)
- American Gods, Neil Gaiman (2001)
- Boonville, Robert Mailer Anderson (2003 reprint)
- Quicksilver, Neal Stephenson (2003)
- Don Quixote, a new translation by Edith Grossman (2003, Ecco)
- Acquainted with the Night, Christopher Dewdney (2004)
- State of fear, by Michael Crichton (2004)
- Darkhouse, Alex Barclay (2005)
- Anansi Boys, Neil Gaiman (2005)
- The Hot Kid, Elmore Leonard (2005)
- Freaky Green Eyes, by Joyce Carol Oates (2006)
- Next, Michael Crichton (2006)
- Domicilium Decoratus, Kelly Wearstler (2006) ISBN 0-06-089798-8
- Pretty Little Liars, Sara Shepard (2006)
- Mister B. Gone, Clive Barker (Harper) (2007)
- The Children of Húrin, J. R. R. Tolkien (posthumous, compiled by Christopher Tolkien) (2007)
- Loving Natalee: A Mother's Testament of Hope and Faith, Beth Holloway (2007) (about Natalee Holloway)
- The Raw Shark Texts, Steven Hall (2007)
- The Family: The Secret Fundamentalism at the Heart of American Power, Jeff Sharlet (2008)
- Going Rogue: An American Life, Sarah Palin (2009)
- Solo, Rana Dasgupta (2009)
- The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún, J. R. R. Tolkien (2009) (copublished by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt)
- Pirate Latitudes, Michael Crichton (2009) (posthumous publication)
- Wolf Hall, Hilary Mantel (2009)
- Shattered: The True Story of a Mother's Love, a Husband's Betrayal, and a Cold-Blooded Texas Murder, Kathryn Casey (2010)
- Micro, Michael Crichton (2011) (posthumous publication)
- The Dressmaker of Khair Khana, Gayle Tzemach Lemmon (2011)
- A Shot at History: My Obsessive Journey to Olympic Gold by Abhinav Bindra (2011)
- Go Set a Watchman by Harper Lee (2015)
Harper Children's Books
Children's book editor Ursula Nordstrom was the director of Harper's Department of Books for Boys and Girls from 1940 to 1973, overseeing the publication of classics such as Goodnight Moon, Where the Wild Things Are, The Giving Tree, Charlotte's Web, Beverly Cleary's series starring Ramona Quimby, and Harold and the Purple Crayon. They were the publishing home of Maurice Sendak, Shel Silverstein, and Margaret Wise Brown. In 1998, Nordstrom's personal correspondence was published as Dear Genius: The Letters of Ursula Nordstrom (illustrated by Maurice Sendak), edited by Charlotte Zolotow. Zolotow began her career as a stenographer to Nordstrom, became her protege, and went on to write more than 80 books and edit hundreds of others, including Nordstrom's The Secret Language and the works of Paul Fleischman. Zolotow later became head of the Children's Books Department, and went on to become the company's first female Vice-President.
HarperCollins has published the following notable children's books:
- the I Can Read! series for beginning readers, including the Amelia Bedelia (Peggy Parish), Frog and Toad (Arnold Lobel) and Little Bear (Else Holmelund Minarik and Maurice Sendak) books
- the Warriors series
- A Series of Unfortunate Events, Lemony Snicket
- A Taste of Blackberries, Doris Buchanan Smith (1973)
- Skulduggery Pleasant series, Derek Landy
- Bart Simpson's Guide to Life (1993)
- Love That Dog, Sharon Creech (2001)
- The Giving Tree, Shel Silverstein (1964)
- Where the Sidewalk Ends (book), Shel Silverstein (1974)
- The Saga of Darren Shan, Darren Shan (2000–2004)
- The Dangerous Book for Boys, Conn and Hal Iggulden (2006)
- Sabriel, Garth Nix (1995)
- A Barrel of Laughs, a Vale of Tears, Jules Feiffer (1995)
- Mister God, This Is Anna, Fynn (pseudonym of Sydney Hopkins) (1974)
- the Little House on the Prairie series, Laura Ingalls Wilder (1932–2006)
- The Wolves in the Walls, Neil Gaiman and Dave McKean (2003)
- Monster, Walter Dean Myers (1999)
- Coraline, Neil Gaiman and Dave McKean (2002)
- the Pretty Little Liars series, by Sara Shepard (2007–present)
- Surviving the Applewhites, Stephanie S. Tolan (2002)
- Ruby Redfort (series), Lauren Child (2011)
- Divergent, Veronica Roth (2011)
- The School for Good and Evil, Soman Chainani (2013–present)
HarperCollins has over 30 book imprints, most of which are based in the United States. Collins still exists as an imprint, chiefly for wildlife and natural history books, field guides, as well as English and bilingual dictionaries based on the Bank of English, a large corpus of contemporary English texts.
On February 8, 2013, it was announced that some parts of the Collins non-fiction imprint would be merged with the HarperPress imprint to form the new William Collins imprint.
HarperCollins imprints (current and defunct, including imprints that existed prior to various mergers), include:
In order to both boost book sales and reach the online market, HarperCollins has created a browsing feature on its website, whereby customers can read selected excerpts from books before purchasing. There are some concerns among publishers with this approach because they feel that the online books could be exploited by file-sharing. In addition, excerpts of books are also available to mobile phone users. HarperCollins were first to market with an innovative approach to slushpile management with the introduction of the authonomy website. From 2009 to 2010, they operated Bookarmy, a social networking site.
At the beginning of October 2013, the company announced a partnership with online digital library Scribd. The official statement revealed that the "majority" of the HarperCollins US and HarperCollins Christian catalogs will be available in Scribd's subscription service. Chantal Restivo-Alessi, chief digital officer at HarperCollins, explained to the media that the deal represents the first time that the publisher has released such a large portion of its catalog.
The HarperCollins Speakers Bureau (also known as HCSB) is the first lecture agency to be created by a major publishing house. It was launched in May 2005 as a division of HarperCollins to book paid speaking engagements for the authors HarperCollins, and its sister companies, publish. Andrea Rosen is the director.
HarperCollins announced HarperStudio in 2008 as a "new, experimental unit... that will eliminate the traditional profit distributions to authors. The long-established author advances and bookseller returns has not proved to be very profitable to either the author or the publisher. The approach HarperStudio is now taking is to offer little or no advance, but instead to split the profit 50% (rather than the industry standard 15%), with the author." The division was headed by Bob Miller, previously the founding publisher of Hyperion, the adult books division of the Walt Disney Company. HarperStudio folded in March 2010 after Miller left for Workman Publishing.
HarperCollins India was started in 2003 as a joint venture between Living Media and HarperCollins. This combination makes HarperCollins India a major publisher in India. HarperCollins took full control of the venture at the end of 2012.
If I Did It
If I Did It was a book written by O. J. Simpson about his alleged murder of Nicole Simpson, which was planned as a HarperCollins title, and which attracted considerable controversy and a legal battle over publication.
In August 2010, the company became embroiled in a legal battle with the BBC after a book it was due to publish, later identified as the forthcoming autobiography of racing driver Ben Collins, revealed the identity of The Stig from Top Gear. In his blog, Top Gear executive producer Andy Wilman accused HarperCollins of "hoping to cash in" on the BBC's intellectual property, describing the publishers as "a bunch of chancers". On September 1 the BBC's request for an injunction preventing the book from being published was turned down, effectively confirming the book's revelation that "The Stig" was indeed Collins.
East and West
The company became embroiled in controversy in 1998 after it was revealed it blocked Chris Patten's (the last British governor of Hong Kong) book East and West after a direct intervention by the then-CEO of News International, Rupert Murdoch. It was later revealed by Stuart Proffitt, the editor who had worked on the book for HarperCollins, that this intervention was designed to appease the Chinese authorities- of whom the book was critical- as Murdoch intended to extend his business empire into China and did not wish to cause problems there by allowing the book to be published. Murdoch's intervention caused both Proffitt's resignation from the company and outrage from international media outside of News International. Chris Patten later published with Macmillan Publishing, initially in America, where it carried the logo "The book that Rupert Murdoch refused to publish". After a successful legal campaign against HarperCollins, Patten went on to publish the book in the UK in September 1998 after accepting a sum of £500,000 and receiving an apology from Rupert Murdoch.
In March 2011, HarperCollins announced it would distribute eBooks to libraries with DRM enabled to delete the item after being lent 26 times. HarperCollins has drawn criticism of this plan, in particular its likening eBooks, which are purely digital, to traditional paperback trade books, which wear over time.
Omission of Israel from an atlas
In December 2014, The Tablet reported that an atlas published for Middle East schools did not label Israel on a map of the Middle East. A representative for Collins Bartholomew, a subsidiary of HarperCollins that specializes in maps, explained that including Israel would have been “unacceptable” to their customers in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf and the omission was in line with “local preferences”. The company later apologized and destroyed all the books.