Bruce McDonald represents energy, transportation, and telecommunications companies in antitrust government investigations and enforcement actions, merger reviews, and antitrust private litigation. He has worked extensively in related sectors, including petroleum and petrochemicals, oilfield services, electricity, aviation, satellite communications, and media.Bruce served as deputy assistant attorney general with the U.S. Department of Justice for four years from 2003 to 2007. While at the DOJ his antitrust enforcement responsibilities covered energy, telecommunications, transportation, health care, and other regulated markets. The attorney general appointed Bruce to serve as the DOJ's representative on the Electric Energy Competition Task Force created by Congress. He was also part of the U.S. delegation that negotiated the "open skies" agreement between the U.S. and the European Union.