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Meursault, as a wine village, goes back to Gallo-Roman times. The origin of the name Meursault itself is somewhat controversial. Some people believe it is derived from the Latin "Muris Saltus" translated as "jump of a mouse". More probably, it comes from an old Celtic root, "mare", meaning swamp : the lower part of the village is actually on very flat land. During the Middle-Ages, the monks realized that there were wide distinctions between the vineyards. They also started to give them names related to the general aspect of the fields or the kind of vegetation they bore. One such vineyard was planted with juniper trees : it became "Genevrires". Another one was very stony : they called it "Perrires". As a matter of fact, the soil of Perrires has a very hard and chalky soil. It has a light brown colour with many broken stones that reflects the sun during the day. It is dry, poor, and the roots of the vines have to go deep into the soil to find water. The grape variety is Chardonnay 100%. At harvest, the grapes are hand-picked and pressed very gently in a pneumatic press. The juice starts to ferment naturally in barrels. The malolactic fermentation is always left to follow its course. The percentage of new oak varies with the vintage, never exceeding 40%, so that oak never dominates the fruit. During the next nine or ten months, the wine slowly matures in barrels and develops its complexity. [+]