Kolpak, kovpak are spellings for kalpak, a kind of hat, in Slavic languages.
Kolpak may also mean:
- Maros Kolpak (born 1971), a Slovak handball player
- Kolpak ruling, a European Court of Justice decision involving Maros Kolpak that set a precedent about foreigners in professional sports
- Sydir Kovpak (1887–1967), a Soviet partisan leader in Ukraine during World War II
- Kolpik, a Hasidic fur hat