Lucy Hutchinson (1620–1681) was an English biographer and the first person to translate the complete text of Lucretius's De rerum natura ("On the Nature of Things") into English, during the years of the interregnum (1649–1660). A rare female Latin scholar, she found her liberation in science.
The daughter of Sir Allen Apsley, Lieutenant of the Tower of London, and Lady Lucy St. John, she was married on 3 July 1638 in St. Andrew Holborn to Colonel John Hutchinson. He was one of those who signed the death-warrant of King Charles, but who afterwards protested against the assumption of supreme power by Oliver Cromwell.
She has a place in literature for her biography of her husband, Memoirs Of The Life Of Colonel Hutchinson. In the book she records that he had many notable victories in the Civil War, including at Shelford Manor on 27 October 1645. In this battle he defeated his kin Colonel Philip Stanhope, the fifth son of the 1st Earl of Chesterfield. Lucy may have even seen the battle, as their estate of Owthorpe was only a few miles away.
John Hutchinson retired to Owthorpe. After the Restoration, he was arrested for the regicide and imprisoned in Sandown Castle, Kent. However, he was not tried. Lucy went before the House of Lords to gain his release, but to no avail.