LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE, better known as LVMH, is a European multinationalluxury goodsconglomerate, native of France and headquartered in Paris. The company was formed by the 1987 merger of fashion houseLouis Vuitton with Moet Hennessy, a company formed after the 1971 merger between the champagne producerMoët & Chandon and Hennessy, the cognac manufacturer. It controls around 60 subsidiaries that each manage a small number of prestigious brands. The subsidiaries are often managed independently. The oldest of the LVMH brands is wine producer Château d'Yquem, which dates its origins back to 1593.

Christian Dior, the luxury goods group, is the main holding company of LVMH, owning 40.9% of its shares, and 59.01% of its voting rights. Bernard Arnault, majority shareholder of Dior, is Chairman of both companies and CEO of LVMH. Arnault's successful integration of various famous aspirational brands into the group has inspired additional luxury companies into doing the same. Thus, the French conglomerate Kering (formerly named PPR) and the Swiss-based Richemont have additionally created extended portfolios of luxury brands. The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50stock market index.

Financial data

Financial data (in million euros)2006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Sales15,30616,48117,19317,05320,32023,65928,10329,01630,63835,664
Net profit2,1602,3312,3181,9733,0323,0653,9093,9476,1054,001
Total equity11,59412,52813,88714,78518,20423,51225,66627,90723,00325,799

During the first half of 2015, LVMH recorded strong results in Europe and United States. The revenue of the groupe increased of 19 per cent.

Corporate structure

LVMH is based in 20 avenue Hoche in the 8th arrondissement, Paris, France. The company is listed on the Euronext Paris exchange, and is a constituent of the CAC 40 index. As of 2010, the group had revenues of €20.3 billion with a net income of just over €3 billion. By the 29 February 2016 the company had a share value of 78,126 million euros, distributed in 506,980,299 shares. In 2013, with revenue of $21,7 billion, LVMH is ranked first luxury goods company in Deloitte "Global Powers of Luxury Goods” report. The group currently employs more than 83,000 people. Thirty percent of LVMH's staff work in France. LVMH operates over 2,400 stores worldwide. Its current business plan aims to tightly control the brands it manages in order to maintain and heighten the perception of luxury relating to their products. For example, Louis Vuitton products are sold only through Louis Vuitton boutiques found in upmarket locations in wealthy cities or in concessions in additional luxury goods shops (such as Harrods in London).

Shareholders

At the end of 2010, the only declared major shareholder in LVMH was Groupe Arnault, the family holding company of Bernard Arnault. The group's control amounted to 47.64% of LVMH's stock (with 42.36% held through Christian Dior SE and 5.28% held directly) and 63.66% of its voting rights (59.01% by Dior and 4.65% directly). A further 2.43% of shares were declared as treasury stock, with the remainder being free float. LVMH holds 66 percent of the drinks division, Moët Hennessy, with the remaining 34 percent held by Diageo.

Subsidiaries

A partial list including a few of LVMH's best-known brands and subsidiaries:

Make Up For Ever was established in 1984. and was acquired by LVMH in 1999.

On 7 March 2011, LVMH announced the acquisition of the 50.4% family-owned shares of the Italian jeweller Bulgari and the intention to make a tender offer for the rest, which was publicly owned. The transaction was about $5.2 billion. In 2011, LVMH invested $640 million in establishing LCapitalAsia.

On 7 March 2013, National Business Daily reported that mid-priced clothing brand QDA would open stores with the assistance of LVMH’s private equity LCapitalAsia and the Chinese apparel company Xin Hee Co., Ltd. in Beijing. In 2011, LVMH invested $640 million in establishing LCapitalAsia. LVMH sales "decreased by about 10 percent from in 2011" in China, and LVMH stopped "opening stores in second and third-tier cities in mainland China". Xue Shengwen, a senior researcher at ChinaVenture, said the developing trend of the market is to take advantage of more acceptable prices.

In February 2014, LMVH entered into a joint venture with the Italian fashion brand Marco De Vincenzo, taking a minority 45 percent stake in the firm.

Patronage

LVMH is a major patron of art in France. The group supported about ten exhibitions as "Le grand monde d’Andy Warhol" and "Picasso et les maîtres" at le Grand Palais in Paris. LVMH additionally endorsed the patronage of "l’atelier d’Alberto Giacometti" and "Yves Klein" at Centre Georges Pompidou.

Since 2005, when the LVMH flagship store opened in Paris at 3, avenue George V, 75008, the company presented close collaboration with contemporary artists. Features included a light sculpture by American James Turrell, a 20-metre (65 feet) long "travelling staircase" showcasing the work of American video artist Tim White-Sobieski and an elevator linking the store to the top floor by Iceland's Olafur Eliasson.

In 2006, gallery space was inaugurated on the second floor of the same building and named "Espace Culturel". "Icônes" was one of the first exhibitions. Shigeru Ban, Sylvie Fleury, Zaha Hadid, Bruno Peinado, Andrée Putman, Ugo Rondinone, James Turrell, Tim White-Sobieski and Robert Wilson were the nine artists invited by Louis Vuitton to participate in it.

In addition, LVMH foundation created the "young creators LVMH award", an international competition opened to French and international beaux-arts students. Each year, six grants are allocated to the winners.

In November 2013, LVMH created the LVMH Young Fashion Designer Prize, which comes with a €300,000 grant with a year of mentoring and is the brainchild of Delphine Arnault. The first winner will be chosen in 2014. In February 2014 20 finalist for the prize were shown in London, such as Simone Rocha, Thomas Tait, Meadham Kirchhoff, Marques'Almeida, J JS Lee, and others. In May 2015 Marques'Almeida was announced as the second winner.

LVMH underwrites additional fashion competitions, including the Andam prize in France, the International Festival of Fashion and Photography in Hyères, France, an investment fund for young designers created by the French Ministry of Culture and Communication, and a scholarship programme and sponsored lecture theatre at Central Saint Martins in London.

The group additionally lends Stradivarius violins to young talented musicians. Maxim Vengerov and Laurent Korcia have used the instruments.