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This magnificent wine-growing area is situated in the heart of a geologic fault area that combines hard Jurassic calcareous deposits and liassic marl strata. These formations, which are rich in fossils, have formed a spare clayey-calcareous soil that is red (ferrous) and rich in limestone rock. Here, the vine has to send its roots deep for energy. Altenbergs microclimate results from its open southern exposure, its considerable distance from the Vosges face and its isolation near the Rhenish plain ; it is very warm, dry and nearly overheated. That maturity of the grape is often enhanced by noble rot and is exceptional. It imposes the domination of the terroir on the planted varieties. [+]