VTB Bank (Russian: ПАО Банк ВТБ, former Vneshtorgbank) is one of the leading universal banks of . VTB Bank and its subsidiaries form a leading Russian financial group – VTB Group, offering a wide range of banking services and products in Russia, CIS, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the U.S. The Group’s largest subsidiaries in Russia are VTB 24, .
VTB was ranked 446th on the 2012, The ’ annual snapshot of the world's largest companies. It climbed to 210th in the ranking of the 500 largest companies in Europe, the FT Europe 500 2014, and to 127th in the FT Emerging 500 2014, the list of the 500 largest companies on the world’s emerging markets. The Moscow-based bank is registered in and came 66th in the British magazine ’s Top 1,000 World Banks in terms of capital in 2014.
1990: Russia’s Foreign Trade Bank (Vneshtorgbank) was established with the support of the and the . It was set up as a limited liability company with the aim of servicing Russia’s foreign trade operations and promoting Russia’s integration into the .
1997: The bank was converted into a public company, majority owned (96.8%) by the Russian government represented by the Central Bank
2002: The bank’s stocks were transferred to Russia’s .
2004: The bank acquired a majority stake (85.81%) in Guta Bank, which was struggling with liquidity problems and experiencing serious financial difficulties. The new acquisition was reorganised into a retail bank, Vneshtorgbank 24. The bank also acquired the Armenian Armsberbank, which was later renamed VTB Armenia.
2005: The bank acquired 75.5% plus three shares of the Promstroybank (PSB), which was reorganised as Bank VTB North-West and later became VTB’s North-Western Regional Centre.
2006: Vneshtorgbank and Vneshtorgbank 24 were rebranded VTB and VTB 24. The bank set up a subsidiary, VTB Africa in , and bought the Ukrainian bank Mriya, which was later merged with VTB Bank (Ukraine).
2007: The bank took over Slavneftebank in , later renamed VTB Belarus. VTB was the first Russian bank to offer an (IPO), raising $8 billion in what became the largest international banking IPO at the time.
2008: VTB set up a , VTB Kazakhstan.
2009: The bank acquired AF Bank in from , later renamed VTB Azerbaijan.
2010: VTB bought a 43.18% stake in TransCreditBank from .
2011: VTB sold a 10% stake to foreign investors 2011. The deal yielded over 95 billion rubles for the Russian government. The bank pioneered in realization of privatization plan for state-run companies. As a result of the privatization, the government’s stake in the bank’s equity decreased to 75.5%.
By the end of December 2011, VTB had increased its stake in Bank of Moscow to 94.84%.
2012: VTB increased its stake in TransCrediBank to 99.6% after buying more stock from .
2013: VTB carries out additional share issue. As a result of the SPO the Russian government’s share in VTB has decreased by almost 15%.
2015: an agreement was signed between the bank president, Director of Russian Post Dmitry Strashnov and Minister of Communications and Mass Media Nikolai Nikiforov on the purchase of 50% minus 1 share of Leto Bank from VTB Bank, with the purpose of reorganising it into the National Post Bank.
2016: a set of documents was signed between VTB 24 and Russian Post on establishing the Post Bank. Russian Post purchased 50% minus 1 share of the newly established Post Bank through its 100% subsidiary.
Mergers and acquisitions
VTB Bank took over 12 banks between 2002 and February 2012, including four in Russia, three in Europe, and five in the CIS:
- Guta Bank (2004), later renamed VTB24
- Armsberbank in Armenia (2004), later renamed VTB Armenia
- Promstroybank (2005), renamed Bank VTB North-West and later reorganised as VTB’s North-Western Regional Centre
- Eurobank in France (2005), later renamed VTB France
- Evrofinance Mosnarbank in Great Britain (2005), later renamed VTB Europe Plc, and then VTB Capital Plc
- AG in Germany (2005), later renamed VTB Germany
- United Georgian Bank (2005), later renamed VTB Georgia
- Mriya in Ukraine (2006), later merged with VTB Ukraine
- Slavneftebank in Belarus (2007), later renamed VTB Belarus
- AF Bank in Azerbaijan from (2008), later VTB Azerbaijan
The main shareholder of VTB is the , which owns 60.9% of the lender through its Federal Agency for State Property Management. The remaining shares are split between holders of its and minority shareholders, both individuals and companies.
In February 2011, the Government floated an additional 10% minus two shares of VTB Bank. The private investors, who paid a total of 95.7 billion rubles ($3.1 billion) for the assets, included the investment funds , , , a responsible for managing China’s , and companies affiliated with businessman .
In May 2013 VTB completed a secondary public offering (SPO), issuing 2.5 trillion new additional shares by public subscription. All the shares have been placed on . The government has not participated in the SPO so its stake in the bank decreased to 60.9% after the subscription has been closed. The bank has raised 102.5 billion rubles worth of additional capital. Three sovereign wealth funds Norway’s Investment Management, and the (SOFAZ) and commercial bank became the largest investors during the SPO after purchasing more than half of the additional share issue.
As of March 2016, its Management Committee consists of (Chairman since 10 June 2002), Yuri Soloviev (First Deputy President and Chairman), Vasily Titov (First Deputy President and Chairman), Herbert Moos (Deputy President and Chairman), Mikhail Oseevskiy (Deputy President and Chairman), Andrey Puchkov (Deputy President and Chairman), Denis Bortnikov (Member of Management Board), Victoria Vanurina (Member of Management Board), Maxim Kondratenko (Member of Management Board), Valery Lukyanenko (Member of Management Board), Erkin Norov (Member of Management Board).
Interim Consolidated Statement of Financial Position as at 31 December 2015: total assets - RUB 13641.9 billion, total equity - RUB 1454.1 billion, net income - RUB 1.7 billion.
VTB's major subsidiaries as of April 2014 were:
|Insurance company VTB Insurance||100%|
|VTB Dolgovoi centre||100%|
|VTB Pension administrator||100%|
|VTB Real Estate||100%|
|VTB Bank (Austria) AG (incl. VTB Bank (Deutschland) AG, VTB Bank (France) SA)||100%|
|VTB Bank (Ukraine)||99,97%|
|VTB Bank (Armenia)||100%|
|VTB Bank (Georgia)||96,31%|
|VTB Bank (Belarus)||100%|
|VTB Bank (Kazakhstan)||100%|
|VTB Bank (Azerbaijan)||51 %|
|Banco VTB Africa, SA (Angola)||50.1%|
|National Post Bank (ex. Leto Bank)||50 %|
VTB provides sponsorship and charity support to sports, culture, healthcare and targeted social aid.
VTB is the general sponsor of the following Russian sports teams: the KAMAZ –Master rally team since 2005; the Dynamo Moscow Football Club since 2009; the Dynamo Hockey Club since 2010; the men’s volleyball national team since 2003 and the National Gymnastics Federation since 2006. VTB also sponsors the Volleyball Federation of Russia. In 2008, it launched a joint project with the Russian Basketball Federation – the VTB United League basketball tournament.
VTB is a member of the Bolshoi Theater’s Board of Trustees. Since 2006, VTB has been the General Partner of the Mariinsky Theater. The bank also supports the Moscow-based Pyotr Fomenko Workshop Theater. Since 2002 VTB has been on the Tretyakov Gallery’s Board of Trustees and a participant in its many programmes. In 2004, the bank became a member of the ’s Board of Trustees. VTB also carries out joint projects with the and the . Since 2011, the bank has supported the ‘Russia-Culture’ TV channel.
VTB’s charity programme ‘World without Tears’ provides support to children’s healthcare centres.