Gourang Chakraborty (born 16 June 1950), better known by his stage name Mithun Chakraborty; informally referred to as Mithun Da, is an Indian film actor, singer, producer, writer, social worker, entrepreneur and a Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament. He is the recipient of three National Film Awards. He made his acting debut with the art house drama Mrigayaa (1976), for which he won his first National Film Award for Best Actor.
He began his career as a junior actor and went on to establish himself as one of the lead actors in Bollywood. He is recognized as one of the best "dancing-heroes" in Bollywood with his "Disco and Desi" fusion-style dancing that is popular among the masses. Along with actor Raj Kapoor, Chakraborty is popular in Russia for his role as dancer Jimmy in the 1982 Bollywood film Disco Dancer. He later won two more National Film Awards for his performances in Tahader Katha (1992) and Swami Vivekananda (1998). Chakraborty has appeared in more than 350 films including Bengali, Oriya, Bhojpuri, Telugu and Punjabi pictures.
Chakraborty owns the Monarch Group, which has interests in the hospitality sector and educational sector. He has also started the production house Paparatzy Productions In 1992, he along with Dilip Kumar and Sunil Dutt, set up a trust to help needy actors called Cine & T.V Artistes Association (CINTAA). He was also the Chairperson of Film Studios Setting & Allied Mazdoor Union which take care the welfare of cine workers and resolve their demands and problems. The Television show Dance India Dance where Chakraborty is the Grandmaster has already entered in Limca Book of Records and Guinness World Records Chakraborty played a crucial role of mediator between Pranab Mukherjee and Mamata Banerjee, winning the Congressman the support of the Trinamool chief in the 2012 presidential election.
A comic book named Jimmy Zhingchak has been made based on Chakraborty.
Early life and education
Chakraborty was born in Kolkata on 16 June 1950. He was educated at the Scottish Church College in Kolkata, from where he earned his degree in Chemistry. After that he attended and graduated from the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. He was a Naxalite before entering films, but tragedy struck his family when his only brother was electrocuted and killed in a freak accident. He returned to his family and left the Naxalite fold, even though this posed a grave risk to his own life. During his days as a Naxalite, he became friends with Ravi Ranjan, a popular Naxal figure, known to his friends as 'Bhaa' (the ultimate savior). Bhaa was known for his manipulational skills and oratory abilities.
Mithun Chakraborty made his debut in the 1976 Mrinal Sen-directed film Mrigaya, for which he won the National Film Award for Best Actor. His film Mera Rakshak was a success of 1978. Chakraborty rose to stardom with the low budget Ravikant Nagaich directed spy film Surakshaa, released in 1979. The film was so successful, that many movies starring Chakraborty in the lead role were launched. The combination with director Deepak Bahry also happened for the first time in 1979 with Tarana. Another important film for Chakraborty in the late 1970s was Prem Vivah, directed by Basu Chatterjee.
Chakraborty was a Bollywood star of the 1980s, with the brand of impossible heroics and made-for-the-front-row lines as he starred in over 110 releases in this decade. Chakraborty played the lead role of Bheema in the super-hit multi-starrer movie Hum Paanch. (1980) and in 1982, Disco Dancer extended Chakraborty's popularity across India and into Russia. Even today, youngsters copy the "Mithun-style dance". He also did lighter roles in Shaukeen, Sun Sajna and Aamne Samne. His 1985 super-hit movie Pyar Jhukta Nahin reconfirmed his top star status. That same year, he was also appreciated for his role as Javar in JP Dutta film, Ghulami. Chakraborty also became India's highest tax payer in 1986. Chakraborty went on to star in a number of romantic and family dramas during the 1980s, such as Mujhe Insaaf Chahiye, Ghar Ek Mandir, Pyaar Jhukta Nahin, Swarag Se Sunder and Pyaar Ka Mandir. These films remain his most commercially successful films to date. He was also widely recognized as an action hero in films like Jagir, Jaal, Dilwaala, Watan Ke Rakhwale and Waqt Ki Awaz. His performances never won any award in 1986 and 1987 as Filmfare Awards was never announced due to technical reasons. As Chakraborty always had higher number of releases, sometimes it affected the business of his own films as happened in 1989, where he had a record 19 films.
Chakraborty had another 100 plus releases in this decade too, starting with Agneepath which won him the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. Films like Shandaar,Gunahon Ka Devta, Pyar Ka Devta,Trinetra and Mere Sajana Saath Nibhana followed. In 1992, the critically acclaimed Bengali film Tahader Katha won him his second National Film Award for Best Actor. In this period he decided to take a break from Mumbai. He shifted his entire family to Ooty and he constructed The Monarch Hotel. Chakraborty then decided to do movies only to be shot at Ooty and nearby locations and he provided discount rates to the film crew to stay in his hotel as well. This strategy paid off as numerous films starring Chakraborty was launched every week, so he shifted his focus from mainstream Hindi cinemas to low-budget movies. Dalaal was released followed by other low-budget films like Phool Aur Angaar, Ravan Raaj: A True Story and Shapath, which created a market for low budget productions.
Jallad won him the Filmfare Best Villain Award and Star Screen Award Best Villain for the year 1995. His economical film production was popular as Mithun's Dream Factory. Even he could not do Mani Ratnam's Tamil film Iruvar as his character had to crop his hair, which would have affected his other 15 films at that time. By this time, Chakraborty held the record for appearing in the most number of Hindi films as a hero. A third National Award followed in 1998, this time for the Best Supporting Actor, for his portrayal of, in G. V. Iyer's Swami Vivekananda. Once again the overdose of Chakraborty releases affected the business as 1998 and 1999 itself had almost 30 releases. Meantime, he paid more tax than anyone else in the country in the mean period for 5 continuous years, from 1995 to 1999. This decade proved Chakraborty as a businessman more than a star as low-budget filmmakers were given their due by Mithun. He operates hotels in Mudhumalai and Ooty in Tamil Nadu, Darjeeling, Siliguri and Kolkata.
Mithun's Dream Factory films still continued to hold the audiences, moreover he started doing more Bengali films and gave consistent films like Titli, Guru, Barood, Yuddho, Tulkalam and Rehmat Ali. Chakraborty also made a comeback to the mainstream Hindi film industry in 2005 with the film Elaan. After a few supporting roles in films such as Lucky: No Time for Love (2005) and Dil Diya Hai (2006), he starred in Mani Ratnam's film Guru. He was also acclaimed for his villainous role in Kalpana Lajmi's Chingaari (2005). His 2009 movie Zor Lagaa Ke...Haiya! won multiple International awards and Chal Chalein was appreciated by critics for its bold theme. Critically acclaimed Phir Kabhi with Dimple Kapadia had a première through a direct to home (DTH) release in September 2009 and won as many as six awards in as many categories at the Los Angeles Reel Awards 2009.
Chakraborty's recent films include Veer (2010) with Salman Khan, Golmaal 3 (2010) with Ajay Devgn and in 2012, he did 3 films with Akshay Kumar, Housefull 2, OMG – Oh My God! and Khiladi 786. His home production Enemmy (2013) was with his own son Mimoh Chakraborty and actor Sunil Shetty. He also did Anthony D'Souza's Boss (2013) with Akshay Kumar. His first release of 2014 Kaanchi... directed by Subhash Ghai where he played an evil politician wearing facial prosthetics has won him critical acclaim.
His 2014 project, Kick with Salman Khan earned more than ₹375 crore worldwide, and at the time was the third highest-grossing Bollywood film. Entertainment and Hawaizaada with Akshay Kumar and Ayushmann Khurrana.
Parallel to his Bollywood career, Mithun Chakraborty has also worked in Bengali commercial films as well as in realistic or arthouse movies including Troyee, made in 1982. He appeared in director Buddhadeb Dasgupta's Tahader Katha which got him his second National Award in 1992. Chakraborty occasionally did Bengali films like Anyay Abichar, Swarna Trishna and Jiban Yuddha, but after 2000, he has concentrated more in Bengali films. He also appeared in Goutam Ghose's Gudia in 1999 as well as Rituparno Ghosh's Titli in 2002. In 2008, he collaborated again with Buddhadeb Dasgupta for Kaalpurush and later appeared in films Shukno Lanka and Target: The Final Mission. His performances in Mrigaya, Tahader Katha, Kaalpurush and Titli won him National Film Awards and nominations. His debut Bhojpuri film Bhole Shankar is considered as the biggest Bhojpuri film. Similarly his Oriya film Ae Jugara Krushna Sudama where he co-starred with Oriya icon Uttam Mohanty was also a huge success. The last Bengali hits for Chakraborty are Handa and Bhonda, Nobel Chor and Le Halwa Le.
His Telugu language film Gopala Gopala with Daggubati Venkatesh, Shriya Saran, Pawan Kalyan, Bengali film Herogiri along with actor Dev and Yagavarayinum Naa Kaakka, the Tamil film has been released successfully, while its Telugu version is awaiting release and he has also enacted the lead role in Debaditya Bandopadhyay's Bengali film Naxal, while his long delayed film Ek Nadir Galpo: Tale of a River has been officially released and became a success at the box office.
His new Bengali films are Buddhuram Dhol Duniya Gol and the science fiction Jole Jongole with White Mischief while the long delayed Hason Raja has been resumed and Chakraborty is paired opposite Raima Sen.
After the success of the Bengali competitive dance reality show Dance Bangla Dance, Mithun Chakraborty developed the concept of Dance India Dance, an Indian dance competition show that airs on Zee TV in the India, produced by UTV Software Communications and has become India's largest dance-based reality show. The contestants get a chance to perform before a panel of judges composed of Terrence Lewis, Remo D'Souza and Geeta Kapoor. The selection of the season's Top 18 live show finalists are overseen by head judge Mithun Chakraborty. The show has several Television Awards for Most Popular Dance Reality Show. Chakraborty is also the Grand Master for Dance India Dance Li'l Masters as well as the host of the reality show titled Dadagiri Unlimited on Zee Bangla channel. He replaced Sourav Ganguly as the host of the show. Chakraborty hosted the Bengali version of Bigg Boss and Rannaghore Rockstar on ETV Bangla.
Mithunda joined as Member of Parliament after he was nominated to be the candidate for the Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament elections by the Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee for her All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) in West Bengal Rajya Sabha Assembly Polls which were held on February 7, 2014.
Chakraborty was the ambassador of Panasonic electronics for India, back in late 1980s. Now he is the face of GoDaddy, an internet domain registrar and web-hosting company He was also the face of Channel 10, a unit of Bengal Media Pvt. Ltd. owned by Saradha Media Group and he later said "Saradha didn't pay my dues" as its branch Saradha Chit Fund collapsed. Chakraborty is also the face of Manappuram Gold Loan for West Bengal state.
Awards and honours
- 1976 - Best Actor for Mrigayaa
- 1992 - Best Actor for Tahader Katha
- 1995 - Best Supporting Actor for Swami Vivekananda
- 2007 - Lifetime Achievement
- 2007 - Role Model of the Year Award
- 1999 – Special Editor Award
- 2007 – Best Actor for Minister Fatakeshto
- Other honors
- In 2010, Guinea-Bissau issued postal stamp in Mithun Chakraborty's honour.
In popular culture
- The title character of the comic book Jimmy Zhingchak is a parody of Mithun Chakraborty.
- The 2010 film Golmaal 3 also parodies Chakraborty's film career as a dancing star. The film even has the songs Disco Dancer and Yaad Aa Raha Hai which were in the film Disco Dancer.
- In the 2011 film Delhi Belly, Aamir Khan parodies Chakraborty in the song I Hate You (Like I Love You) dressed as 'Disco Fighter'.
Books on Mithun Chakraborty
|Amar Nayikara||Bengali||Sumit Dey||Mithun Chakraborty the cinema actor and his heroines.|
|Ananya Mithun||Bengali||Subrata Gangaphadya||Biography of Mithun Chakraborty|
|Mithuner Katha||Bengali||Jayanta Ghosh||Mithuner katha / edited and compiled by Jayanta Ghosh|
|Cinemay Naamte Hole||Bengali||Mithun Chakraborty||Mithun Chakraborty answering questions to his fans|
|Marbo Ekhane Lash Porbe Shoshane||Bengali||Ashishtaru Mukhaphadya||Life story of Mithun Chakraborty|
|Arun Kumar Rav |HindiBhojpuri UP India |Mithun Chakraborty | Mithun Chakraborty answering questions to his fans |-