Monterchi is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Arezzo in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) southeast of Florence and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Arezzo. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,844 and an area of 28.7 square kilometres (11.1 sq mi).

Monterchi borders the following municipalities: Anghiari, Arezzo, Citerna, Città di Castello, Monte Santa Maria Tiberina.

The most famous cultural attraction of Monterchi is the fresco of the Madonna del Parto by Piero della Francesca, which is (after a restoration in 1992–93) now displayed in the erstwhile primary school of the commune. Formerly it covered a wall in the Chapel of Santa Maria di Momentana and was rediscovered (in very bad condition) in the last century.

Demographic evolution