A papoose (from the Algonquian papoos, meaning "child") is an American English loanword whose present meaning is "a Native American child" (regardless of tribe) or, even more generally, any child, usually used as a term of endearment, often in the context of the child's mother. The word came originally from the Narragansett tribe. In 1643, Roger Williams recorded the word in his A Key Into the Language of America, helping to popularise it.
Cradle boards and additional child carriers used by Native Americans, known by a large number of names. In the United States and the United Kingdom, the term papoose is used to refer to a child carrier.