The Centre d’entrainement aux actions en zone urbaine (CENZUB) is a purpose-built facility for training French armed forces in skills. It is located at in north-eastern France. It is the largest training area of its type in Europe. There are two constructed districts - Beausejour and Jeoffrecourt.
British Army units have used the facility while learning French urban tactics and using French equipment. This part of a wider programme for Anglo-French military cooperation following the Defence and Security Co-operation Treaty signed by British Prime Minister and French President in November 2010.
CENZUB offers several varied urban training environments:
- Technical and tactical skills acquisition module (Module d'acquisition des savoir-faire techniques et tactiques - MASTTAC)
- A street with roofless houses. Instructors are able to observe trainees and to move ahead to adjust the environment during training sessions.
- The village of Beausejour consists of 63 differing houses, many varied obstacles (barriers, barricades, rubble), different types of streets (wide, narrow, S or cleared). It consists of different modules:
- the village itself
- a slum area in which it is impossible to enter with vehicles
- a caravan camp
- street created from container 20 feet to revise expertise
- a hamlet intended to show various ways in which a building could be "hardened", ie, made more defensible (installation of sandbags on the floors, trapping, etc).
- the ammunition depot: a former warehouse that delivers feed-back of tactical know-how (progressions formed unit)
- An "old town" district located in the military camp, still partially occupied, especially by CENZUB's mechanical workshops. It simulates the outskirts of a village (woods, road, field, track) with several large buildings.
- The village of Jeoffrecourt represents a town of 5000 inhabitants, with tall buildings, commercial areas. It will simultaneously engage all military resources, including infantry, armour, artillery, engineers and aircraft. It has a main objective of training and restitution.
- Urban firing complex (Complexe de Tir en Zone UrBaine - CT ZUB)
- This range enables firing in an urban environment to add realism to the training.
- Opposing force (FORce ADverse - FORAD)
- 105 personnel (including women) act as opposing forces or civilians for realism. They are structured as a mixed company with two infantry sections on armoured personnel carriers or trucks, a tank platoon with tanks and an engineering section equipped with MPG and EBG. This unit is able to play the role of a regular combat unit, militia, or civilian refugees, depending on the scenario.