Samira /sæˈmiːrə/ (also spelled Sameera) (Persian: سميرا‎‎). The Persian female name "Samira" has its known origins in Persian and Sanskrit. , Sanskrit: समीरा.

Samira is the first part of Semiramis name, Semiramis (Assyrian;ܫܲܡܝܼܪܵܡ Shamiram, /sɛˈmɪrəməs/; Greek: Σεμίραμις, Armenian: Շամիրամ Shamiram), was a Persian princess, a Babylon warrior and the legendary wife of King Ninus, succeeding him to the throne of Assyria.

Nearly every stupendous work of antiquity by the Euphrates or in Iran seems to have ultimately been ascribed to her, even the Behistun Inscription of Darius. Herodotus ascribes to her the artificial banks that confined the Euphrates and knows her name as borne by a gate of Babylon. However, Diodorus stresses that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built long after Semiramis.

The spelling of the Sanskrit-derived name can change depending on the language, as in the Bengali version Somira.