Steven Alan Hawley (born December 12, 1951) is a former NASA astronaut who flew on five U.S. Space Shuttle flights. He is professor of physics and astronomy and director of engineering physics at the University of Kansas.
Hawley graduated from Salina High School Central, Salina, Kansas, in 1969; he regards Salina as his home town. Hawley attended the University of Kansas, graduating with highest distinction in 1973 with Bachelor of Science degrees in Physics and in Astronomy. He spent three summers employed as a research assistant: 1972 at the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., and 1973 and 1974 at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia. He attended graduate school at Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, graduating in 1977 with a Doctorate in Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Hawley's research involved spectrophotometry of gaseous nebulae and emission-line galaxies, with particular emphasis on chemical abundance determinations for these objects. The results of his research have been published in major astronomical journals. Prior to his selection by NASA in 1978, Hawley was a post-doctoral research associate at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in La Serena, Chile. He is a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Kansas.
Space flight experience
Space Shuttle Discovery 41D
STS-41-D Discovery (August 30 to September 5, 1984) was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on its maiden flight and returned to land at Edwards Air Force Base, California. During the seven-day mission, the crew successfully activated the OAST-1 solar cell wing experiment, deployed the SBS-D, SYNCOM IV-2, and TELSTAR 3-C satellites, operated the CFES-III experiment, the student crystal growth experiment, as well as photography experiments using the IMAX motion picture camera. The mission was completed in 96 orbits of the Earth in 144 hours and 57 minutes.
Following an aborted attempt to launch STS-41-D where two main engines were stopped shortly after they started and the third did not start at all, Hawley is reported to have broken the tense atmosphere in the shuttle cabin, saying, "I thought we'd be a lot higher at MECO!."
STS-61-C Columbia (January 12–18, 1986) was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, and returned to a night landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California. During the six-day flight, the crew deployed the SATCOM KU satellite and conducted experiments in astrophysics and materials processing. Mission duration was 146 hours and 03 minutes.
STS-31 Discovery ( April 24–29, 1990) was launched from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, and also returned to land at Edwards Air Force Base, California. During the five-day mission, the crew deployed the Hubble Space Telescope, and conducted a variety of middeck experiments involving the study of protein crystal growth, polymer membrane processing, and the effects of weightlessness and magnetic fields on an ion arc. They also operated a variety of cameras, including both the IMAX in-cabin and cargo bay cameras, for Earth observations from their record-setting altitude of 380 miles. The mission was completed in 76 orbits of the earth in 121 hours.
STS-82 Discovery (February 11–21, 1997), the second Hubble Space Telescope (HST) maintenance mission, was launched at night and returned to a night landing at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. During the flight, Dr. Hawley's primary role was to operate the Shuttle's 50-foot robot arm to retrieve and redeploy the HST following completion of upgrades and repairs. Dr. Hawley also operated the robot arm during five space walks in which two teams installed two new spectrometers and eight replacement instruments. They also replaced insulation patches over three compartments containing key data-processing, electronics and scientific-instrument telemetry packages. HST was then redeployed and boosted to a higher orbit. The flight was completed in 149 orbits covering 3.8 million miles in 9 days, 23 hours, 37 minutes.
STS-93 Columbia (July 22–27, 1999) was launched at night from the Kennedy Space Center on a 5-day mission returning to KSC for the 12th night landing in the Shuttle Program's history. Dr. Hawley served as Columbia's flight engineer. The primary mission objective was the successful deployment of the Chandra X-ray Observatory, the third of NASA's Great Observatories after Hubble Space Telescope and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. Dr. Hawley also served as the primary operator of a second telescope carried in the crew module and used for several days to make broadband ultraviolet observations of a variety of solar system objects. The mission completed 79 orbits in 4 days, 22 hours, and 50 minutes.
Hawley is a member of the American Astronomical Society, the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Sigma Pi Sigma, and Phi Beta Kappa. Now retired, he resides in Lawrence, Kansas, where his parents also live.
Hawley married fellow astronaut Sally Ride in 1982. The couple divorced in 1987. Subsequently, he married Eileen M. Keegan of Redondo Beach, California, a former public affairs officer at NASA who has served as the spokeswoman for Kansas Governor Sam Brownback since 2013.
Following is a list of scholarships, honors, and awards conferred on Hawley:
- Evans Foundation Scholarship, 1970
- University of Kansas Honor Scholarship, 1970
- Summerfield Scholarship, 1970–1973
- Veta B. Lear Award, 1970
- Stranathan Award, 1972
- Outstanding Physics Major Award, 1973
- University of California Regents Fellowship, 1974
- Group Achievement Award for software testing at the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory, 1981
- NASA Outstanding Performance Award, 1981
- NASA Superior Performance Award, 1981
- Group Achievement Award for Second Orbiter Test and Checkout at Kennedy Space Center, 1982
- Quality Increase, 1982
- NASA Space Flight Medal (1984, 1986, 1990, 1997, 1999)
- Group Achievement Award for JSC Strategic Planning, 1987
- NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1988, 1991)
- Special Achievement Award, 1988
- Exceptional Service Medal for Return to Flight, 1988
- Outstanding Leadership Medal, 1990
- Special Achievement Award, 1990
- Haley Flight Achievement Award, 1991
- Kansan of the Year Award, 1992
- Group Achievement Award for ESIG 3000 Integration Project, 1994
- Presidential Rank Award (1994, 1999)
- Group Achievement Award for Space Shuttle Program Functional Workforce Review, 1995
- Group Achievement Award for SFOC Contract Acquisition, 1997
- Kansas Aviation Hall of Fame, 1997
- University of Kansas Distinguished Service Citation, 1998
- NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1998, 2000)
- Aviation Week & Space Technology Laurel Citation for Space, 1998
- V.M. Komarov Diploma from the FAI (Federation Aeronautique Internationale) (1998, 2000)
- Inductee, Astronaut Hall of Fame (2007)
- Distinguished Alumni Award, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Kansas, (2007)
- Distinguished Alumni Award, UC Santa Cruz, 1991
- Communication and Leadership Award (2015), Toastmasters District 22.