Troglodyte may refer to:

  • Troglodytae or Troglodyti, an ancient group of people from the African Red Sea coast
  • Troglodites, a fictional tribe described in Montesquieu's Persian Letters, supposedly descending from the ancient Troglodytae
  • Homo troglodytes, an invalid taxon coined by Carl Linnaeus to refer to a legendary creature
  • Troglodyte (Dungeons & Dragons), a race of humanoid monsters in the game Dungeons & Dragons
  • Troglodyte, a 2009 film also known as Sea Beast
  • "Troglodyte (Cave Man)", a funk song by the Jimmy Castor Bunch on their 1972 album It's Just Begun
  • Caveman, a stock character based upon widespread concepts of the way in which early prehistoric humans may have looked and behaved
  • Morlocks, a fictional species created by H. G. Wells for his 1895 novel, The Time Machine

The form Troglodytes may also refer to: